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Eruption of Bromo on 8 June, 2004 (1).
Eruption of Bromo on 8 June, 2004 (1).

Eruption of Bromo on 8 June, 2004 (2).
Eruption of Bromo on 8 June, 2004 (2).

--> more info about the eruption of Bromo on 8 June, 2004.



Satellite image of Bromo

Saltellite image of the Tengger caldera with smoking Bromo in the upper center (white crater floor). (Photo courtesy: ESA Earth Observation)
Saltellite image of the Tengger caldera with smoking Bromo in the upper center (white crater floor). (Photo courtesy: ESA Earth Observation)

Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).

NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.

 

Bromo volcano

Stratovolcano 2329 m / 7,641 ft
East Java, Indonesia, -7.94°S / 112.95°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 29 Jul 2019 (Volcanic Ash Advisory)

Mt. Bromo volcano in East Java is the active cone inside the giant Tengger caldera, one of Indonesia's most scenic locations destination in East Java, famous for its magnificient sunrise views and the panorama over the caldera with Semeru volcano in the background.

Typical eruption style: Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.
Erupciones del volcán Bromo: 1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016, Mar 2019 - ongoing

Últimos terremotos cercanos

No hay terremotos recientes
Fecha / HoraRevista / ProfundidadDistanciaUbicación

Background

The 16-km-wide Tengger caldera is located at the northern end of a volcanic massif extending from Semeru volcano. The massive Tengger volcanic complex dates back to about 820,000 years ago and consists of five overlapping stratovolcanoes, each truncated by a caldera. Lava domes, pyroclastic cones, and a maar occupy the flanks of the massif. The Ngadisari caldera at the NE end of the complex formed about 150,000 years ago and is now drained through the Sapikerep Valley. The most recent of the Tengger calderas is the 9 x 10 km wide Sandsea Caldera at the SW end of the complex, which formed incrementally during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene. An overlapping cluster of post-caldera cones was constructed on the floor of the Sandsea Caldera within the last several thousand years. The youngest of these is Bromo, one of Java's most active and most frequently visited volcanoes.

Bromo Fotos

A powerful vulcanian-type explosion shakes the ground. Many incandescent bombs are thrown many hundreds of meters into the night sky, and many of them land outside the crater. Note, that most blocks are actually NOT glowing, making a further approach to Bromo quite dangerous. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A powerful vulcanian-type explosion shakes the ground. Many incandescent bombs are thrown many hundreds of meters into the night sky, and many of them land outside the cr...
Strombolian activity in Bromo Crater, East Java, Indonesia (2011) (Photo: Richard Roscoe)
Strombolian activity in Bromo Crater, East Java, Indonesia (2011) (Photo: Richard Roscoe)
The glowing vent(s) illuminate the diffuse steam and ash plume above Bromo's crater bright red at night. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The glowing vent(s) illuminate the diffuse steam and ash plume above Bromo's crater bright red at night. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strombolian eruption at Mt. Bromo volcano in Feb 2011 - this photo was selected for the 2012 IAVCEI volcano calendar. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strombolian eruption at Mt. Bromo volcano in Feb 2011 - this photo was selected for the 2012 IAVCEI volcano calendar. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 


Latest satellite images


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
 

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