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Chichinautzin volcano

Volcanic field 3930+ m / 12,894 ft
Occidental y centro de México, Mexico, 19.08°N / -99.13°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

Chichinautzin volcano is an active volcanic field immediately south of Mexico City. It contains more than 200 cinder cones, small shield volcanoes and large lava flows within a vast 90 km long E-W oriented area at the southern end of the Mexico Basin. Parts of Mexico City are built upon a 13 km long lava flow from the Chichinautzin volcanic field. The last volcanic activity was only about 400 years ago.

Show interactive Map
Typical eruption style: Effusive and strombolian
Erupciones del volcán Chichinautzin: 400 AD ± 100 years (radiocarbon dating), 200 AD ± 100, 2240 BC ± 1000, 4250 BC ± 75, 5840 BC ± 500, 7290 BC ± 1000, 7370 BC ± 300, 7930 BC ± 500

Latest nearby earthquakes

Fecha / HoraRevista / ProfundidadDistanciaUbicación
Sat, 27 Feb 2021 (GMT) (1 terremoto)
27 feb 2021 07:51 (GMT +0) (27 Feb 2021 07:51:46 GMT)
3.4

65 km - More
253 kmSan Juan Bautista Coixtlahuaca, 89 km al noroeste de Oaxaca, México
Thu, 25 Feb 2021 (GMT) (1 terremoto)
25 feb 2021 19:00 (GMT +0) (25 Feb 2021 19:00:49 GMT)
3.5

5 km - More
132 kmCocula Municipality, 39 km al suroeste de Iguala de la Independencia, México
Wed, 24 Feb 2021 (GMT) (1 terremoto)
24 feb 2021 08:05 (GMT +0) (24 Feb 2021 08:05:44 GMT)
3.6

50 km - More
124 km31 km al suroeste de Iguala de la Independencia, Estado de Guerrero, México
Mon, 22 Feb 2021 (GMT) (2 temblores)
22 feb 2021 19:07 (GMT +0) (22 Feb 2021 19:07:40 GMT)
3.5

58 km - More
155 km23 km al norte de Chilpancingo de los Bravo, Estado de Guerrero, México
22 feb 2021 10:46 (GMT +0) (22 Feb 2021 10:46:00 GMT)
3.5

56 km - More
181 kmSan Miguel Totolapan, 39 km al sur de Arcelia, Estado de Guerrero, México

Background

The Sierra Chichinautzin volcanic field formed primarily of overlapping small cinder cones and shield volcanoes, which creates a broad topographic barrier at the southern end of the Basin of Mexico that extends from the eastern flank of Nevado de Toluca to the western flank of Iztaccíhuatl volcano.
The volcanic field contains more than 220 Pleistocene-to-Holocene monogenetic vents. The best-known eruption occurred about 1670 radiocarbon years ago from the Xitle scoria cone, NE of the Volcán Ajusco lava-dome complex, which at 3930 m forms the highest peak of the Sierra Chichinautzin. The Xitle eruption produced a massive basaltic tube-fed lava flow that covered agricultural lands as well as pyramids and other structures of Cuicuilco and adjacent prehispanic urban centers. The southern part of Mexico City and the National University of México lie atop the distal end of the 13-km-long lava flow.
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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8

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