Colima volcano

Stratovolcano 3850 m / 12,631 ft
Western Mexico, 19.51°N / -103.62°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 30 nov 2019 (Volcanic Ash Advisory)
Strong explosion at Colima volcano in Feb 2015
Strong explosion at Colima volcano in Feb 2015

Colima volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in North America and one of the potentially most dangerous ones. It has had more than 30 periods of eruptions since 1585, including several significant eruptions in the late 1990s. Scientific monitoring of the volcano began 20 years ago.

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Typical eruption style: Dominantemente explosivas. Construcción de domos de lava, erupciones vulcaniana y actividad estromboliana. En actividad casi constante desde 1994.
Erupciones del volcán Colima: 1519, 1560, 1576, 1585, 1590, 1602(?), 1606, 1611-1613, 1622, 1690, 1711, 1743(?), 1744, 1749(?),1769, 1770, 1771, 1780, 1794, 1795, 1804, 1806-1809, 1818, 1819, 1866, 1869, 1870-71, 1872-73, 1874, 1875-78, 1879-80, 1880-81, 1882-84, 1885-1886, 1887, 1889-90, 1890, 1891-92, 1893-1902, 1903, 1904-1906, 1908-09, 1913, 1926-1931(?), 1941(?), 1957-1960, 1961-62, 1963-70, 1973(?), 1975-76, 1977-1982, 1983(?), 1985-86, 1987, 1988(?), 1991, 1994, 1997-2011, 2013-ongoing

Latest nearby earthquakes

Fecha / HoraRevista / ProfundidadDistancia/Ubicación
Fri, 18 Jun 2021 (GMT) (1 terremoto)
2021-06-18 11:53:25 (Hora de México) (18 Jun 2021 16:53:25 GMT)
3.5

4 km
48 km (30 mi)
Coquimatlan, 24 km al oeste de Colima, Estado de Colima, México
Tue, 15 Jun 2021 (GMT) (1 terremoto)
2021-06-15 14:57:57 (Hora de México) (15 Jun 2021 19:57:57 GMT)
3.4

90 km
42 km (26 mi)
Toliman, Estado de Jalisco, 39 km al noroeste de Ciudad de Villa de Alvarez, México
Tue, 8 Jun 2021 (GMT) (2 temblores)
2021-06-08 15:51:23 (Hora de México) (8 Jun 2021 20:51:23 GMT)
3.3

30 km
40 km (25 mi)
Villa de Alvarez, 22 km al oeste de Colima, Estado de Colima, México
2021-06-08 13:42:36 (Hora de México) (8 Jun 2021 18:42:36 GMT)
3.4

2 km
33 km (21 mi)
Cuauhtémoc, 14 km al este de Colima, Estado de Colima, México

Background

The Colima volcanic complex is the most prominent volcanic center of the western Mexican Volcanic Belt. It consists of two southward-younging volcanoes, Nevado de Colima (the 4320 m high point of the complex) on the north and the 3850-m-high historically active Volcán de Colima at the south.

A group of cinder cones of probable late-Pleistocene age is located on the floor of the Colima graben west and east of the Colima complex. Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcán Fuego) is a youthful stratovolcano constructed within a 5-km-wide caldera, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Major slope failures have occurred repeatedly from both the Nevado and Colima cones, and have produced a thick apron of debris-avalanche deposits on three sides of the complex. Frequent historical eruptions date back to the 16th century. Occasional major explosive eruptions (most recently in 1913) have destroyed the summit and left a deep, steep-sided crater that was slowly refilled and then overtopped by lava dome growth.

Colima Fotos

Strong vulcanian eruption at Colima volcano with volcanic lightning (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Strong vulcanian eruption at Colima volcano with volcanic lightning (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Steaming Colima volcano in Mexico with an active lava flow, mirrored in a small lake. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Steaming Colima volcano in Mexico with an active lava flow, mirrored in a small lake. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Night-time view of Colima volcano with an active lava flow (July 2015). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Night-time view of Colima volcano with an active lava flow (July 2015). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Vulcanian eruption at Colima volcano with lightning on 26 Jan 2017 (Photo: Hernando Rivera)
Vulcanian eruption at Colima volcano with lightning on 26 Jan 2017 (Photo: Hernando Rivera)
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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