Contacto | RSS | EN | DE | EL | ES | FR | IT | RU

Llullaillaco volcano

Actualizado: 26 sep. 2022 10:48 GMT -
estratovolcán 6739 m / 22,109 ft
Norte de Chile, Bolivia y Argentina (Sur America), -24.72°S / -68.53°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

Llullaillaco is the world's highest historically active volcano. It is on the border between Chile and Argentina and belongs to the Puna de Atacama, a region of very high volcanic peaks on a high plateau within the Atacama Desert, one of the driest places in the world.
The volcano consists of a young cone on top of an older Pleistocene edifice. The modern cone contains several lava domes and flows. The two most prominent lava flows are on the northern and southern flanks and have distinct flow features with levees and ridges.
It known that the Inca climbed the mountain and some of the best-preserved mummies have been found near its summit.

Mostrar mapa interactivo
Typical eruption style: effusive
Erupciones del volcán Llullaillaco: 1877, 1868, 1854

Latest nearby earthquakes

Fecha / HoraRevista / Prof.Distancia/Ubicación
lunes, 26 septiembre 2022 GMT (1 sismo)
26 sep 2022 02:11 (GMT -3) (26 sep 2022 05:11 GMT)
2.5

137 km
24 km (15 mi)
Región de Antofagasta, Chile
domingo, 25 septiembre 2022 GMT (1 sismo)
25 sep 2022 04:02 (GMT -3) (25 sep 2022 07:02 GMT)
3.0

133 km
50 km (31 mi)
Provincia de Salta, Chile, 170 km al noroeste de Antofagasta de la Sierra, Provincia de Catamarca, Argentina
jueves, 22 septiembre 2022 GMT (2 sismos)
22 sep 2022 13:47 (GMT -3) (22 sep 2022 16:47 GMT)
4.2

119 km
18 km (11 mi)
207 km al sureste de Antofagasta, Chile
22 sep 2022 12:10 (GMT -3) (22 sep 2022 15:10 GMT)
4.2

137 km
41 km (25 mi)
216 km al sureste de Antofagasta, Chile

Background

Llullaillaco volcano was formed in 2 main stages.
The old volcano (Llullaillaco I) was built as a broad cone of thick dacitic lava flows. The upper part of this volcano collapsed about 150,000 years ago, producing a major debris-avalanche which extends eastward into Argentina. The avalanche diverged around the north and south sides of the older Cerro Rosado stratovolcano 17 km east of Llullaillaco and the two lobes stopped at 25 and 23 km distance, respectively. The deposit covers 165 km2 and is still very well preserved, thanks to the extremely arid climate, where weathering and erosion are almost absent.
The second stage (Llullaillaco II, the present-day volcano) began ca. 10,000 years ago and built the present-day cone on top of the older volcano. It, too, consists mainly of dacite domes and lava flows.
Historic activity consisted of small explosive eruptions and a possible small lava flow in the 19th century.

Llullaillaco mummies
In 1983–85 American archaeologist Dr Johan Reinhard discovered Inca remains on the summit and the slopes of Llullaillaco. In 1999, 3 500-year-old frozen mummies were found at an altitude of 6,739 m. The mummies were buried with more than 100 objects, including textiles, gold and silver statues, pottery. The mummy of a girl feathered a rich ceremonial headdress.
The mummies are extraordinarily well preserved because of the extremely cold, hypoxic, and arid environment of their mountain tomb. The frozen bodies of Llullaillaco are among the best-preserved mummies ever found.
(Source: Wikipedia)


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

No existen noticias en esta lista.

Try our free app!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS version

Más en VolcanoDiscovery

Support us - Help us upgrade our services!

We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Improved multilanguage support
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Design upgrade
  • Detailed quake stats
  • Additional seismic data sources
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Sources: VolcanoDiscovery / VolcanoAdventures and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most text and images on our websites are owned by us. Re-use is generally not permitted without authorization. Contact us for licensing rights.
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
VolcanoDiscovery Home
Volcanes | Sismos | Fotos | News | App
Adventure & Study Travel
Tours to Volcanoes and Volcanic Areas: walking tours, photo tours, study tours
Tours & Dates | FAQ | About us
Get our newsletter!
Company info
Contact | Legal info | Terms & conditions
Follow us
Follow us on facebook Follow us on Instagram Follow us on Twitter Visit our Youtube channel
EN | DE | EL | ES | FR | IT | RU
VolcanoDiscovery GmbH, Germany, Reg. nr.: HRB 103744, EU Tax Id: DE 310 395 322 owned and created by
Dr. Tom Pfeiffer, volcanologist, volcano photographer, tour organizer member of
IAVCEI
Volcanological Society
Ecotourism Greece
Insured by R+V
VolcanoDiscovery © 2004- All Rights Reserved | Privacy - cookie settings