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Maipo volcano

Caldera 5264 m / 17,270 ft
Centro de Chile y Argentina, América del sur, -34.16°S / -69.83°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Maipo volcano books
Typical eruption style: explosive
Erupciones del volcán Maipo: 1912, 1905, 1826, 1822 (?)
Fecha / HoraRevista / ProfundidadDistanciaUbicación
Thu, 20 Dec
Thu, 20 Dec 13:28 UTCM 2.8 / 17 km16 km61 km al NE de Termas del Flaco
Thu, 20 Dec 13:01 UTCM 2.9 / 16.5 km20 km60 km al NE de Termas del Flaco
Sun, 16 Dec
Sun, 16 Dec 14:18 UTCM 2.5 / 19.3 km21 km62 km al SE de San José de Maipo
Sat, 15 Dec
Sat, 15 Dec 13:22 UTCM 2.8 / 13 km16 km46 km al SE de San José de Maipo
Ver los sismos recientes
Maipo is a conical stratovolcano in the High Andes on the Chile-Argentina border 108 km SE of Santiago. Maipo partially fills the large 15 x 20 km Diamante caldera, which formed about half a million years ago during a massive eruption.

Background:

The large Pleistocene Diamante caldera formed about 0.45 million years ago during a massive super-plinian (supervolcano) eruption that produced an about 350 cu km rhyolitic ignimbrite. After the formation of the caldera, the cones of Volcán Don Casimiro and Cerro Listado volcanoes grew on the SW rim and SW flank of the caldera.
The youngest vent of the complex, Maipo stratovolcano rises about 1900 m above the caldera floor and was constructed by strombolian-vulcanian explosions. It has ashfall deposits that overlie glacial ice.
Several parasitic cones were constructed on the east flank of Maipo along a series on NE-trending fractures. Lava flows from one of these cones blocked drainages in 1826 inside the caldera, forming Lake Diamante on the eastern caldera floor.
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Source: GVP


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