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sábado, jun 24, 2017
Una selección de fotografías tomadas por Ingrid Smet durante nuestro junio de 2017 Nyiragongo lava lake y montaña gorilas expedición en la RD del Congo que incluye 3 días / noches estancia en Volcán Nyiragongo. ... [Leer más]
Nyiragongo on 6 Sep with lava flows from the eastern intra-crater side vent (image: Julian Laping)
viernes, sep 09, 2016
La actividad del volcán sigue siendo intensa. La ventilación lateral de febrero de 2016 en la terraza inferior del este, que dejó en mayo y se reinició a mediados de agosto, sigue activo, también. ... [Leer más]

 

Nyiragongo volcano

Stratovolcano 3470 m / 11,384 ft
DRCongo, -1.52°S / 29.25°E
Current status: erupción (4 out of 5)
Nyiragongo webcams / datos en tiempo real | Reports
Nyiragongo volcano videos
Nyiragongo volcano books | Tours
Last update: 16 may 2018
Typical eruption style: Grandes erupciones efusivas; persistente lago de lava en el cráter de cumbre.
Erupciones del volcán Nyiragongo: 1884, 1894, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1905, 1906, 1908(?), 1911, 1918, 1920-21, 1927-77, 1977, 1982, 1994-96, 2002 (17 Jan.), 2002-ongoing (lava lake)The lava lake of Nyiragongo volcano No hay terremotos recientes
Fecha / HoraRevista / ProfundidadDistanciaUbicación
Nyiragongo (also spelled Niragongo), one of the world's most beautiful and active volcanoes, is a large stratovolcano near Lake Kivu at the eastern border of DRCongo with Rwanda in the Virunga National Park.
It has a 1.2 km diameter summit caldera containing the world's most active and largest lava lake.
Nyiragongo is infamous for its extremely fluid lava that runs as water when the lava lake drains. On January 17, 2002, Nyiragongo erupted and the lava lake drained from fissures on its western flanks. The city centre of the Goma town, the capital of the East Virunga province, had been destroyed by voluninous lava flows. 200,000 people were left homeless, adding to the human desaster caused by frequent civil wars.

Background:

Nyiragongo, located in the Western branch of the Rift Valley near Lake Kivu and the Congolese-Rwandese border, is one of the world's most active volcanoes. It is notorious for its lava lake and producing lateral eruptions with extremely fluid, fast-moving lava flows that repeatedly devastated areas around the volcano, such as the Goma desaster on January 2002, when a lava flow destroyed much of the city's commercial center and promted 200,000 people to flee.

The large lava lake contained in its deep summit crater, now active again, became famous in the 1960's and 70's when volcanologists such as the Kraffts and Tazieff studied it. It had been active for half a century before it drained in one of the volcano's recent most catastrophic eruptions in 1977: through openings in its outer flanks in 1977, a huge lava flow poured out and killed hundreds of people. A similar event happened again in January 2002, when lava flows from flank vents drained the lake and cut through Goma, reaching Lake Kivu.
In contrast to its neighbor volcano, Nyamuragira,- a typical, and very active shield volcano comparable with Mauna Loa,- the 3470-m-high Nyiragongo displays the steep slopes of a stratovolcano. Terraces inside the steep-walled, 1.2-km-wide summit crater mark levels of former lava lakes, which have been observed since the late-19th century.
Two older volcanoes, Baruta and Shaheru, are partially overlapped by Nyiragongo on the north and south and look like lateral cones. About 100 parasitic cones are located primarily along radial fissures south of Shaheru, east of the summit, and along a NE-SW zone extending as far as Lake Kivu. Many cones are buried by voluminous lava flows that extend long distances down the flanks of the volcano.

Nyiragongo Fotos:




Latest satellite images

Links and recommended reading:

Publications:

  • Allard P., P. Baxter, Halbwachs M., Kasareka M., J.C. Komorowski, Joron J.L. (2003), la erupción efusiva más destructiva en la historia moderna: Nyiragongo 2003, Geophysical Research Abstracts, v. 5, 11970

Older publications:

  • Verhoogen, Jean: Les volcans Virunga et l'éruption du Nyamlagira de 1938 / par J. Verhoogen, S. 326 - 353. (Frankfurt University Library, Germany)
  • Meyer, André: Estudio del volcán Nyiragongo: un informe de progreso / by André Meyer y Thure G. Sahama. -Bruxelles: Hayez, 1958 (biblioteca de la Universidad de Frankfurt)
 

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