Volcán Ijen por noche (Nov de 2014): blue flames y obras de azufre

Ijen volcano in East Java is famous for its acid crater lake and the large sulfur deposits that form around very active fumaroles near the lake shore.
The sulfur in the crater is being mined. At night, some of the fumaroles are on fire, with intense bluish flames from burning sulfur. Partially, this is due to auto-ignition due to very high temperatures at the fumarole vents, but mostly because the workers set fire to the sulfur n order to melt it and collect it from the frozen puddles that then form on the ground below.
View of Kawah Ijen, the crater lake, from the rim. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
View of Kawah Ijen, the crater lake, from the rim. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(772 Éxitos)
Eroded inner crater walls and the turquoise crater lake in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Eroded inner crater walls and the turquoise crater lake in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(758 Éxitos)
When it gets dark, the bluish flames become visible. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
When it gets dark, the bluish flames become visible. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(765 Éxitos)
A large (approx. 15 m across) field of fumaroles is almost completely on fire. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A large (approx. 15 m across) field of fumaroles is almost completely on fire. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(742 Éxitos)
The tubes serve to collect the fumarole gasses and help condensation / sublimation of sulfur inside them. Part of the sulfur exiting as a gas burns away. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The tubes serve to collect the fumarole gasses and help condensation / sublimation of sulfur inside ... [info]
(750 Éxitos)
Las llamas fantasmales están siempre en movimiento y asuman diferentes formas fantasmales. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Las llamas fantasmales están siempre en movimiento y asuman diferentes formas fantasmales. (Photo: T... [info]
(757 Éxitos)
Torch-like blue flame (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Torch-like blue flame (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(672 Éxitos)
Pile of rocks covered by blue flames (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Pile of rocks covered by blue flames (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(652 Éxitos)
Blue flames (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Blue flames (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(620 Éxitos)
Andi with a torch as used by the local miners - the color of these torches is exactly the complimentary orange against the blue flames. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Andi with a torch as used by the local miners - the color of these torches is exactly the compliment... [info]
(771 Éxitos)
Somebody with a strong white headlamp illuminates the scene behind the silhouetted blocks and cylinders. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Somebody with a strong white headlamp illuminates the scene behind the silhouetted blocks and cylind... [info]
(616 Éxitos)
Michael is filming with his RED camera, needs a bit more light than the average visitor... (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Michael is filming with his RED camera, needs a bit more light than the average visitor... (Photo: T... [info]
(628 Éxitos)
A miner is filling his basket with pieces of broken solidified sulfur. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A miner is filling his basket with pieces of broken solidified sulfur. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(684 Éxitos)
Another mine worker joins him. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Another mine worker joins him. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(595 Éxitos)
The torches cast a wonderful orange light on the whole scene. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The torches cast a wonderful orange light on the whole scene. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(553 Éxitos)
A metal bar is used to break larger pieces of sulfur crust. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A metal bar is used to break larger pieces of sulfur crust. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(627 Éxitos)
Some of the solid sulfur pieces are more than a meter across. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Some of the solid sulfur pieces are more than a meter across. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(631 Éxitos)
The worker is just outside a thick cloud full of sulfur dioxide and sulfur dust behind. Even with a gas mask, it's dangerous to get into it. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The worker is just outside a thick cloud full of sulfur dioxide and sulfur dust behind. Even with a ... [info]
(608 Éxitos)
Two sulfur workers in the mine ("kitchen") at night. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Two sulfur workers in the mine ("kitchen") at night. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(620 Éxitos)
Preparing the sulfur blocks for the transport out of the crater is easier done in two. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Preparing the sulfur blocks for the transport out of the crater is easier done in two. (Photo: Tom P... [info]
(866 Éxitos)
The red light of the workers' torches illuminates the lake shore area behind them. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The red light of the workers'torches illuminates the lake shore area behind them. (Photo: Tom Pfeiff... [info]
(496 Éxitos)
Looking back towards the fumarole area and the crater rim in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Looking back towards the fumarole area and the crater rim in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(529 Éxitos)
Michael and Andi filming in the sulfur "kitchen" in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Michael and Andi filming in the sulfur "kitchen" in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(709 Éxitos)
The blue light from the sulfur flames above the orange light from the torches. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The blue light from the sulfur flames above the orange light from the torches. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(484 Éxitos)
Playing with colors... the headlamp was used to illuminate the green-yellow ground surface. A starry sky behind. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Playing with colors... the headlamp was used to illuminate the green-yellow ground surface. A starry... [info]
(518 Éxitos)
Depending on the way the sulfur plume moves, the intensity of the blue flames, presence of torches and headlamps, the red light mixes with blue, white as well green and yellow colors, making a sort of light-show. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Depending on the way the sulfur plume moves, the intensity of the blue flames, presence of torches a... [info]
(522 Éxitos)
Intense blue flames. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Intense blue flames. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(489 Éxitos)
Kat taking pictures of the blue flames. Recommended settings (if you only want to shoot details of the flames) are short exposures (1/4  1/20th, at F4-8 and 400-1600 ASA). (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Kat taking pictures of the blue flames. Recommended settings (if you only want to shoot details of t... [info]
(557 Éxitos)
View back towards the crater wall and a clear night-time sky. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
View back towards the crater wall and a clear night-time sky. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(422 Éxitos)
A tube acts as a torch, where an intense flame exits. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A tube acts as a torch, where an intense flame exits. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(418 Éxitos)
Occasionally, red sparks from liquid, burning drops of sulfur mix into the blue flames. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Occasionally, red sparks from liquid, burning drops of sulfur mix into the blue flames. (Photo: Tom ... [info]
(445 Éxitos)
Ijen volcano's blue flames. A must see. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Ijen volcano's blue flames. A must see. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(367 Éxitos)
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