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Kilauea volcano (Hawaii): Sep 2016 tour - life returns to lava

Life returns slowly after destruction by lava flows. In this area, 30 years ago, there was dense rain forest until it was invaded by lava flows from the early stages of the Pu'u 'O'o rift zone eruption.
Dead, half-burnt tree trunks and branches still lie around, some having left molds in the lava.
Among the first plants to colonize the barren lava desert are small ferns whose green stands out from the dark or silvery pahoehoe textures.
Remains of devastated rain forest in the rainy evening twilight. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Remains of devastated rain forest in the rainy evening twilight. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(260 Éxitos)
Small green ferns start to recover the terrain. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Small green ferns start to recover the terrain. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(209 Éxitos)
A tree had fallen onto the cooled lava after its base had burnt away. When it fell, the surface of the lava had cooled already enough not to burn it. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A tree had fallen onto the cooled lava after its base had burnt away. When it fell, the surface of t... [info]
(235 Éxitos)
Ferns in cracks of pahoehoe lava. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Ferns in cracks of pahoehoe lava. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(212 Éxitos)
Group of ferns (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Group of ferns (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(256 Éxitos)
Green dots on the gray-silvery pahoehoe. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Green dots on the gray-silvery pahoehoe. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(208 Éxitos)
A crack through ropy pahoehoe with ferns finding shelter inside. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A crack through ropy pahoehoe with ferns finding shelter inside. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(220 Éxitos)
Different surface textures and colors - where the glassy crust of the lava flow is still intact, the flow is silvery. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Different surface textures and colors - where the glassy crust of the lava flow is still intact, the... [info]
(196 Éxitos)
Lava surfaces (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Lava surfaces (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(170 Éxitos)
It will still take a long time until new rain forest grows here... (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
It will still take a long time until new rain forest grows here... (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(170 Éxitos)
Regular cracking patterns (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Regular cracking patterns (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(156 Éxitos)
Ferns inside crack. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Ferns inside crack. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
(222 Éxitos)
 

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