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Fotos al azar
Latest news from Villarrica:
Incandescence from the Villarrica´s summit crater (image: Sentinel 2)
Thursday, Jan 30, 2020
SERNAGEOMIN reported that the activity of the volcano continues at moderately high low levels. ... [Leer más]
Tuesday, Sep 10, 2019
Sernageomin has raised the alert level to Orange for the first time since 2015 due to escalating seismic tremor and a more turbulent lava lake (present in some form since late 2014). Although fairly unlikely, it is possible that a repeat of the March 2015 paroxysmal event could soon occur if there is a similar trend in activity. An exclusion zone of 2km is in force. [Leer más]
 

Villarrica volcano

Stratovolcano 2847 m / 9,340 ft
Central Chile, -39.42°S / -71.93°W
Current status: menor actividad o una advertencia erupción (3 out of 5)
Villarrica webcams / datos en tiempo real | Reports
Villarrica volcano books | Tours
Last update: 30 Jan 2020
Typical eruption style: Medianamente explosivas, actividad estromboliana, lago de lava pequeñas en el cráter de Cumbre
Erupciones del volcán Villarrica: 2010-2012, 2008, 2005, 1985-2001 (lava lake), 1984-85, 1983, 1980, 1977, 1971-72, 1964, 1963(?), 1960-61, 1958-59, 1950(?), 1948-49, 1938, 1935, 1933, 1929, 1921, 1920-29, 1919(?), 1915-18(?), 1910?, 1909, 1908, 1907, 1906, 1904, 1897-98(?), 1893-94(?), 1883, 1879, 1877, 1875-76, 1874, 1869(?), 1867-68, 1864, 1859-60, 1853, 1852(?), 1837, 1832, 1822, 1815-18, 1806, 1801, 1799, 1796, 1792, 1790, 1787, 1780, 1777, 1759, 1751, 1745, 1742, 1737, 1716, 1688, 1657?, 1647?, 1640, 1594, 1562, 1558 No hay terremotos recientes
Fecha / HoraRevista / ProfundidadDistanciaUbicación
Snow-covered Villarrica, one of Chile's most active volcanoes, rises above the lake and town of the same name. It erupts basaltic lava and is one of the few permanently active volcanoes in the world, with frequent strombolian activity and sometimes a small lava lake present in its summit crater.

Background:

The volcano is also known as Rucapillán, a Mapuche word meaning "House of the Pillán". It is the westernmost of three large stratovolcanoes that trend perpendicular to the Andean chain along the Gastre Fault.
The volcanic edifice was built at the rim of two overlapping calderas: one 6-km wide caldera formed about 10,000 years ago, and a second, 2 km wide caldera about 3500 years ago. The volcano is located at the NW margin of the older caldera. More than 30 scoria cones and fissure vents dot Villarrica's flanks. Plinian eruptions and pyroclastic flows that have extended up to 20 km from the volcano have been produced during the past few thousands years. Lava flows up to 18 km long have issued from summit and flank vents. Historical eruptions, documented since 1558, have consisted largely of mild-to-moderate explosive activity with occasional lava effusion. Glaciers cover 40 sq km of the volcano. Hazards from Villarrica include massive lahars (mud flows) caused by melting of snow and glacier ice as well as rainfalls, such as during the eruptions of 1964 and 1971 when large lahars damaged towns on its flanks.
Villarrica, along with Quetrupillán and the Chilean portion of Lanín, are protected within Villarrica National Park. Ascents of the volcano are popular with several guided ascents reaching the top during summer.


Latest satellite images


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
 

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