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Etna volcano
Complex stratovolcano Currently about 3329 m (changing due to eruptive activity and collapse of its crater rims)
Sicily, Italy, 37.75°N / 14.99°E
Current status: minor activity or eruption warning (3 out of 5)
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Etna volcano eruptions:
Near continuously active; some major historic eruptions include 122 BC (large Plinian outbursts that created the small caldera of the "Cratere del Piano"), 1669 AD (devastating flank eruption that destroyed 15 villages and part of Catania), 1787 (Subplinian eruption and one of the most spectacular summit eruptions on record - lava fountains reportedly up to 3000 m high).
Eruptions since 1950 (f: flank / s: summit activity): 1950 (s), 1950-51(f), 1955 (s), 1956 (s), 1956 (f), 1957 (s),1960 (s), 1961 (s), 1964 (f), 1964 (s), 1966 (s), 1966-1971(s), 1968 (f), 1971(f), 1972-1973 (s), 1974 (f), 1974-1975 (s), 1975-1977 (f), 1977-1978 (s), 1978 (f), 1979(s), 1979 (f), 1980 (s), 1981 (s), 1981 (f),1982-1983 (s), 1983(f), 1984(s), 1985(s), 1985(f), 1986(s), 1986-1987 (f), 1987(s), 1988(s), 1989(s), 1989(f), 1990 (s), 1991-93(f), 1995(s), 1996(s), 1997 (s), 1998 (s), 1999 (s), 2000 (s), 2001(s), 2001 (f), 2002(s), 2002-03(f), 2004-2005 (f), 2006 (s), 2007 (s), 2008-2009 (f), 2010(s), 2011-2013(s), 2014-ongoing(f)
 
Typical eruption style:
Effusive (lava flows) and mildly explosive (strombolian) eruptions. Both summit and frequent flank eruptions, the latter seem to be occurring in clusters lasting few to a few tens of years.
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Etna volcano tours
Volcanoes of Italy - the Grand Tour (15-days study & walking tour from Vesuvius to Etna)
Etna Trekking Tour (private and group tours to Etna volcano with a mountain guide)
Etna Volcano Special (volcano expedition to see Mt. Etna volcano' eruption)
Etna Discovery (8-days hiking & study tour on Mt. Etna volcano, Italy)
From Stromboli to Etna (9-days walking & study tour to Stromboli, Lipari, Vulcano and Etna with a volcanologist)

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Most recommended:
The best place to stay near Mt Etna is no doubt the Corsaro hotel, located a few 100 m from the cable car station at La Sapienza cable car station on Etna South: Hotel Corsaro
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more on Etna volcano...



 

Etna volcano updates and eruption news:

Etna volcano update: Violent paroxysm at Voragine summit crater, lava fountains over 1 km height

Thursday Dec 03, 2015 13:19 PM | BY: T

Thermal image of Voragine's lava fountain last night
Thermal image of Voragine's lava fountain last night
Thermal image of the lava fountain at its peak
Thermal image of the lava fountain at its peak
After gradually increasing the already mentioned strombolian activity from Voragine during the evening of 2 Dec, it escalated into a short, but very violent phase of lava fountaining (paroxysm), with high lava fountains and an eruption column several kilometers high.
The climax of the paroxysm occurred between 03:20 and 04:10 local time, (local time = -1) or so, when a sustained lava fountains reached heights of over 1km; some jets of hot material reached the height of 3 km above the summit of the volcano.
The cloud of pyroclastic material was carried by the wind to the northeast, causing fallout of ash on villages as Linguaglossa, Francavilla di Sicilia, Milazzo, Messina and Reggio Calabria. At dawn, the eruptive activity had almost ceased, although some weak ash emissions occurred both from Voragine, the Northeast crater, and from the new small pit crater on the upper flank of the New Southeast Crater.
The paroxysmal event last night was among the most violent eruptive episodes of Etna during the past two decades; Voragine had two particularly intense paroxysms previously on 22 July 1998 and 4 Sep 1999, similar to the one last night.
Both had produced tall lava fountains, - in the case of the 4 September 1999 paroxysm surpassed 2000 m in height. The eruptive columns during the 22 July 1998 event reached a height of 12 km above sea level. Abundant pyroclastic material fell in the southern sector of the volcano during the first event (1998) and in the eastern one during the paroxysm of 1999.
Earlier on even, Voragine had been the site of exceptionally violent paroxysms, as in February 1947, July-August 1960 to August 1989.
(translated from original preliminary report on www.ct.ingv.it/it/)
Previous news
Strombolian activity at the Voragine crater seen from the East(comune Giarre - DPC)
Wednesday, Dec 02, 2015
The strombolian activity in the Voragine crater that started about a month ago has today increased its intensity. While until yesterday the explosions were too small to reach the top of the crater rim, now they are large enough to be seen from the various Etna webcams. ... [more]
Thermal anomaly on the eastern side of the New SE crater (INGV Monte Cagliato thermal webcam)
Wednesday, Nov 25, 2015
Since this afternoon there is a change visible in Etna's activity. Weak strombolian activity has started from the New SE crater. The activity probably started earlier today, but due to bad weather it was not observed before. ... [more]
Glow from Etna's Voragine during a small strombolian explosion
Wednesday, Nov 18, 2015
Strombolian activity continues in the Voragine. Hot fumaroles are visible at the New SE crater. [more]
Weak ash emisson from Etna's central crater (INGV webcam)
Tuesday, Nov 17, 2015
No significant change in activity has occurred during the past days. Degassing from the New SE crater has decreased again, probably because the magma column has dropped again, and tremor is currently low. ... [more]
Etna's steaming New SE crater this mornning
Friday, Nov 13, 2015
Etna's New SE crater is the likely site of new activity in the near future. Intense steaming from the eastern vent of the youngest summit crater suggests that magma is not far from the surface. ... [more]

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