Etrusk volcano

Stratovolcano 3100 m / 10171 ft
Turkey, 39.03°N / 43.66°E
Current status: (probably) extinct (0 out of 5)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Etrusk volcano eruptions: None during the past 10,000 years
Less than few million years ago (Pleistocene)

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Thu, 29 Jul 2021 (GMT) (1 earthquake)
29 Jul 2021 15:32:38 GMT

7 km
15 km (9.3 mi)
14 km southeast of Erciş, Van, Turkey
Mon, 26 Jul 2021 (GMT) (1 earthquake)
26 Jul 2021 06:12:13 GMT

5 km
30 km (19 mi)
34 km north of Van, Turkey


As described by Oyan et al. (2010), the Pliocene Etrüsk volcano is one of the major volcanic centers of eastern Anatolia, just NE of Lake Van. There is a ~5-km-wide horseshoe-shaped caldera near the center of the volcano, with the Pleistocene Karniyak scoria cone about 11 km away on the SW flank near the lake. K-Ar age determinations by Oyan et al (2010) indicate that the main volcanic edifice of Etrusk was formed between 4.3 and 3.9 Ma, ending with caldera collapse. Between ~1 and 0.43 Ma, basalts erupted from the SW flank, predominantly from a ~N-S extending fissure, as well as from Karniyarik hill and a maar-shaped volcanic center (Düzgeyikçukuru). Lebedev et al. (2009) noted that the youngest dated trachybasalt from Karniyarek was 0.36 +/- 0.06 Ma.
Source: Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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