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Fagradalsfjall volcano
Fissure swarm 385 m / 1263 ft
Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland, 63.89°N / -22.27°W
Current status: erupting (4 out of 5) Fagradalsfjall volcano eruptions:
2021 new fissure eruption
None during the past 10,000 years
Less than few million years ago (Pleistocene)
Typical eruption style:
fissure eruptions, lava flows

Fagradalsfjall volcano (Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland): 3rd eruptive fissure opened yesterday

Thu, 8 Apr 2021, 08:37
08:37 AM | BY: MK
Aerial view of the all eruption sites (image: IMO)
Aerial view of the all eruption sites (image: IMO)
The new lava flow after opening the 3rd eruptive fissure vent (image: RUV.is webcam)
The new lava flow after opening the 3rd eruptive fissure vent (image: RUV.is webcam)
The IMO's map shows the layout of the three eruption sites with estimated thickness and distances reached by the lava flow fields (image: IMO)
The IMO's map shows the layout of the three eruption sites with estimated thickness and distances reached by the lava flow fields (image: IMO)
A third eruptive fissure opened yesterday at midnight. Located between the first and second eruption site, the new fissure vent started to erupt basaltic lava flows traveling mostly into the Geldingadalir valley, but also into the Meradalir valley where a new lava flow field is growing.
Most lava is directed into a main channel at an estimated discharge rate of about 7 cubic m/s, which indicates very low viscosity. For comparison, the effusion rate from the growing cones around the first eruption site had been estimated to be about 5.5 cubic m/s.
Basalt lavas with this property are fast, thin, and spread extensively into sheet-like flow fields with aspect ratios between thickness and covered area of less than 1%.
The lava flow in the main channel is bounded by levées, natural banks that form at the sides of the flow, visible in the attached video below.
The Icelandic Met Office (IMO) estimates that approx. 265 million cubic feet (7,5 million cubic meters) of the lava have so far erupted from all vents. A useful map published by the IMO shows the layout of the three eruption sites with estimated thickness and distances reached by the lava flow fields.
Judging from the webcam live imagery, there is near-constant lava spattering from the fissure vents, which have been building steep-sided cones above the eruption points on the fissures (also called hornitos).

The main lava channel with levées at the sides of the flow:

Previous news

Mon, 5 Apr 2021, 22:11
The new eruptive fissure that opened today in Iceland (image: Almannavarnir / facebook)
A new eruptive fissure opened today approx. 1 km northeast of the so-far active eruption site. The seismic network detected at 11:37 local time a sharp peak in tremor at 1 km depth, which announced its formation shortly after as magma broke through the surface along a new section further upslope on top of the active magma intrusion underneath. ... read all
Fri, 2 Apr 2021, 09:51
View of the eruption in Iceland this morning (image: RUV webcam)
The eruption in Geldingadalir, now soon two weeks old, shows no signs of weakening. Activity has been building a slowly growing cone around the two active vents in the center, which undergoes constant modifications by accumulating spatter and smaller and larger collapses. ... read all
Fri, 26 Mar 2021, 06:53
View of the ongoing eruption in Iceland this morning (image: RUV webcam)
The eruption is now almost a week old and shows little signs of stopping anytime soon. Activity is now concentrated at two adjacent vents of a growing cone in the central part of the original eruptive fissure. They are filled with spectacularly boiling (degassing) lava that flows away to form thin flows that overlap on a growing lava field, that slowly but surely is filling the Geldingadalur valley. ... read all
Wed, 24 Mar 2021, 19:01
Weather conditions can be difficult on Iceland in March - view of the ongoing eruption this afternoon (RUV webcam)
The eruption continues with little changes, but it has provided scientists already with very interesting results that might provide unique insights into a type of eruption that hasn't been observed on Iceland in a long time. ... read all
Tue, 23 Mar 2021, 20:30
View of the ongoing eruption in Iceland this evening (image: RUV webcam)
The eruption continues with little changes and stead lava output. In the past hours, the hornito (small cone-shaped vent) at the side of the main vent has been becoming more active, seen left in the image of the live camera. ... read all
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