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Fayal volcano

stratovolcano, lavadome 1043 m
Azores, Portugal, Azores & Madeira, 38.6°N / -28.83°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Fayal volcano books | Tours
Last update: 22 Aug 2019
Typical eruption style: Explosive
Fayal volcano eruptions: 1957-58
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Wed, 11 Dec 2019
Wed, 11 Dec 15:27 UTCM 2.328 kmW Faial (Portugal)
Wed, 11 Dec 14:55 UTCM 2.128 kmW Faial (Portugal)
Wed, 11 Dec 11:57 UTCM 2.829 kmW Faial (Portugal)
Wed, 11 Dec 02:29 UTCM 2.326 kmW Faial (Portugal)
Wed, 11 Dec 00:08 UTCM 2.029 kmW Faial (Portugal)
View all recent quakes
The island of Fayal, also spelled Faial, is the nearest of the central Azorean islands to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Background:

The island is composed of a complex large andesitic-to-trachytic stratovolcano that contains a 2-km-wide summit caldera. Thick deposits of trachytic airfall pumice, pyroclastic flows, and lahars related to formation of the caldera blanket the island. Formation of the steep-walled 500-m-deep caldera was followed by construction of fissure-fed basaltic lava fields and small volcanoes that form a peninsula extending to the west. This area is covered by the youngest volcanic products on the island and has been the source of all historical eruptions. A dramatic submarine eruption at Capelinhos during 1957-58, the best-studied of historical eruptions in the Azores, created a new island that soon merged with the western peninsula.
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Source: Smithsonian GVP


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