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Fogo volcano
Stratovolcano 2829 m / 9,281 ft
Cape Verde, 14.95°N / -24.35°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Fogo volcano books
Fogo volcano eruptions:
2014-15, 1995, 1951
Typical eruption style:
unspecified
Last earthquakes nearby
Latest satellite images

Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
 

Fogo volcano news & eruption updates

Fogo volcano (Cape Verde) eruption update: lava threatens Portela village, airport closed

Tuesday Nov 25, 2014 22:39 PM | BY: T

Explosive activity at the eruptive vents of Fogo on 25 Nov 2014 (MuzikaTV)
Explosive activity at the eruptive vents of Fogo on 25 Nov 2014 (MuzikaTV)
Lava flow approaching Portela village (MuzikaTV)
Lava flow approaching Portela village (MuzikaTV)
Lava flow touches the Nature Park headquarters building (MuzikaTV)
Lava flow touches the Nature Park headquarters building (MuzikaTV)
Lava flow partially entering the looted Nature Park headquarters building (MuzikaTV)
Lava flow partially entering the looted Nature Park headquarters building (MuzikaTV)
SO2 plume from Fogo (Fogonews)
SO2 plume from Fogo (Fogonews)
Evacuations at Portela village (MuzikaTV)
Evacuations at Portela village (MuzikaTV)
View of the eruptive fissure as of 25 Nov (MuzikaTV)
View of the eruptive fissure as of 25 Nov (MuzikaTV)
The eruption continues, but the situation is critical inside the Cha caldera. The northern lava flow branch has started to enter the village of Portela and today destroyed and/or damaged several buildings, including the headquarters of the Fogo Nature Park.

The village, located at the northern end of the main road inside the caldera, is at risk of being cut of by lava flows: If the main road becomes covered, only a difficult and long passage to the NE via Monte Velha remains as land evacuation route.

According to a geologist from the Instituto da Meteorologia e Geofísica in an interview with Televisão de Cabo Verde (TCV), the intensity of the eruption started to decrease today. As of today, only the northern branch of the lava flow seemed to be active. Its advance rate decreased from 35-40 meters per hour yesterday to approx. 25 m per hour today.
On the other hand, other local news sources and recent video footage rather suggest an increase in activity: Several vents have opened at the fissure on the southwestern foot of the Pico del Fogo cone. Activity at most of the vents is violently explosive with significant gas and ash emissions:


For this reason, Cabo Verde Airlines has canceled all flights departing and arriving in Sao Felipe Airport on the west coast.
The SO2 gas plume from the eruption has spread to the north and already reached the northern Cape Verde islands. Authorities recommend people to drink plenty of water.

Since the beginning of the eruption, inhabitants of the Cha caldera have been using trucks and various other available vehicles to evacuate goods from the threatened area. Local media report fuel shortages which makes the situation more difficult.
Looting and equipment theft, in particular from the headquarter building of the Nature Park, which only had been opened in March this year, add to the problems.
The eruption's heaviest economic damage is probably the destruction of vinyards in the area. The lava flows threaten the storage cellar with approx. 100,000 liters of wine.

To manage the volcanic crisis, a crisis cabinet was set in place by the government. It should be in charge of all evacuations and eventual reconstructions.
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Links / Sources:
Previous news
Lava flows at Fogo (credit: Landsat image on Google Earth / Peter Webley)
Tuesday, Nov 25, 2014
The eruption continues with little changes. Lava fountaining from the new vents feeds two main lava flows inside the Cha caldera, one to the south, the other to the north. ... [more]
Monday, Nov 24, 2014
The recent eruption of the Pico do Fogo continues to produce lava fountains from two vents on the volcano's flank. The erupted lava collects in rapidly growing flows that destroy roads and houses near the caldera, as shown in the new BBC footage below. ... [more]
Lava fountains and flow from the new eruption at Fogo (Fogonews)
Monday, Nov 24, 2014
The new eruption, so far small inside the Cha caldera, continues. It is taking place from a fissure with two closely spaced vents on the southwest side of the Pico de Fogo, very near to the 1995 eruption vents. ... [more]
Sunday, Nov 23, 2014
A new eruption started at the volcano this morning around 10:00 local time. The aviation alert was raised to red due to possible ash emissions that could harm aircraft in the area. ... [more]
 

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