Fogo volcano (Cape Verde): 2 villages destroyed, 1700 people displaced - among worst volcanic disasters in 21st century

Mon, 8 Dec 2014, 15:52
15:52 PM | BY: T
The lava flow of Fogo passing near a destroyed building (image: INVOLCAN / @involcan / twitter)
The lava flow of Fogo passing near a destroyed building (image: INVOLCAN / @involcan / twitter)
3D map of the caldera and the location of the lava flow (credit: CultureVolcan, copernicus.eu)
3D map of the caldera and the location of the lava flow (credit: CultureVolcan, copernicus.eu)
The second village Bangaeira in the path of the rapidly advancing lava flow has been destroyed within only a few hours.
With 2 villages destroyed, more than 1700 people displaced and without some of their most valuable economic possession, farmland, this now 15 days old eruption is one of the worst volcanic disasters of the century. The history of 150 years of settlement in the Cha caldera is now under lava.

The flow continues to be well alimented, but it is still too early to predict how far it will eventually go: Following the natural gradient, it still needs to travel for another 4 km until it can reach the break-in-slope towards the steep outer eastern flank. From there, it could rapidly reach the coastal area where another 3 villages would be at risk: Corvo, Achada Grande, and Relva.

No historic lava flow from inside the caldera (vents west of the Pico cone) seems to have achieved this, i.e. reached the sea,- so far.
The last time a lava flow from Pico did reach the sea was in 1857, but the vents from that eruption were already located on the steeper eastern flank of Pico.

Previous news

Mon, 8 Dec 2014, 09:22
Fogo's lava flow reaching Bangaeira in the background - parts of destroyed Portela in the foreground
The new lava flow, more fluid than the earlier one, continues to advance rapidly. It has reached and started to engulf Bangaeira village, downslope of the already destroyed Portela village. Read all
Sun, 7 Dec 2014, 02:11
Lava flow from Fogo in Portela (Asociación Canaria de Volcanología / facebook)
The eruption intensified according to news reports on Saturday, and destroyed most of what still had been left of Portela. The new lava flow advanced at 30 meters per hour and consumed another 20 houses and the sports center. Read all
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