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Fonuafo'ou Volcano

Updated: Jul 23, 2024 10:59 GMT -
Submarine volcano -17 m / -56 ft
Tonga, Tonga Islands, -20.32°S / -175.42°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

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Typical eruption style: unspecified
Fonuafo'ou volcano eruptions: 1936

Latest nearby earthquakes

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Background

Fonuafo'ou volcano in the central part of the Tonga Islands is also known as Falcon Island, named after the British vessel H.M.S. Falcon, which reported a shoal in 1865.
The ephemeral Falcon Island has been the site of island-forming eruptions on at least two occasions since the 19th century. Islands up to 6 km in length were formed in eruptions beginning in 1885 and 1927; in 1933 the island had a height of more than 145 m. Passing ships often reported "smoke" issuing from the site of Falcon Island. The latest explosive eruptions were reported in 1936. By 1949 the island had eroded beneath sea level, but the summit of the volcano remains at shallow depths.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information

Latest satellite images

Fonuafoou satellite image sat1Fonuafoou satellite image sat2
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