Contact | RSS | EN | DE | EL | ES | FR | IT | RU

Alaid volcan

Mise à jour: 27 nov.. 2022 14:17 GMT -
stratovolcan 2339 m / 7,674 ft
Atlasov Island, Northern Kuriles, 50.86°N / 155.55°E
Condition actuelle: Activité petite ou avertissement éruption imminente (3 sur 5)
Last update: 26 nov. 2022 (Volcanic Ash Advisory)
Space image of Alaid stratovolcano (NASA Earth Observatory http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=78290)
Space image of Alaid stratovolcano (NASA Earth Observatory http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=78290)

Alaid is the tallest and northernmost volcano in the Kurile Islands. Also called Atlasov as the island it forms, the symmetrical stratovolcano rises 3000 m from the sea floor and forms a small island. It has a 1.5-km-wide summit crater breached to the south. It is one of the Kuriles'most active volcanoes. Large explosive eruptions occurred in 1790 and 1981, and were among the largest in the Kuriles in historic times.

Montrer carte interactive
Style éruptif tipique: explosive
Eruptions du volcan Alaid: 2016 (Mar-May), 2015-16 (Oct-Jan), 2012, 1997, 1996, 1986, 1982, 1981, 1972, 1933-34, 1894, 1860, 1854, 1790-93

Derniers séismes proches

No recent earthquakes

Introduction

Numerous flank cones dot the lower flanks of the basaltic to basaltic-andesite Alaid volcano, particularly on the NW and SE sides, including an offshore cone formed during the 1933-34 eruption.
Alaid has 2 types of eruptions: summit activity from the central crater as well as lateral eruptions. The eruptions from the central crater tend to be more explosive and are more dangerous. The largest eruptions from the central crater were in February 1793, June 1854, July 1860, 1894, and April 1981.
The principal volcanic hazard from Alaid are ash plumes dangerous for aircraft (many routes from N-America to Asia pass nearby).

Alaid Photos



2003 tremors
Seismic tremor began at Alaid volcano on 31 October and continued until November. The tremor was believed to be caused by strong winds, not caused by volcanic activity. (Source: GVP monthly roports)

1997 eruption
In August 1997, a thermal hotspot was visible on satellite images of the volcano indicating eruptive activity. Ashfall occurred on SW Kamchatka.

1996 eruption
Seismic activity increased in December 1996. Satellite images showed a plume reaching a height of 6 km above the volcano. A large snow storm prevented any visual observations. (GVP monthly reports)

1986 collapse of cone in summit crater
Aerial observations on 25 May 1986 revealed that the summit crater's 1981 cone (250 m high and 600 m across at its base) had been almost entirely destroyed recently. At its place there were 2 collapse craters, the larger of which measured 300 m across and ca. 100 m deep.
(Source: GVP monthly reports)

1981 eruption of Alaid volcano
The eruption of Alaid volcano in 1981 ranks as one of the largest in the Kurile Islands in historical times. ...plus

1972 lateral and submarine eruption
A lateral, partly submarine eruption began at Alaid volcano in June 1972. An eruptive fissure extended from the NW base of the volcano to the sea. The water-magma interaction produced powerful explosions and ash plumes 8 km high.

Earlier historic eruptions from Alaid volcano
1933-1934 eruptions: the first observed flank eruption
1894: summit eruption
1860: eruption from the summit crater
1854: strong explosive eruption from the summit crater
1793: explosive eruption from the summit crater

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Découvrez notre app gratuite !
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | Version iOS

Plus sur VolcanoDiscovery

Support us - Help us upgrade our services!

We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Improved multilanguage support
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Design upgrade
  • Detailed quake stats
  • Additional seismic data sources
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyright: VolcanoDiscovery ou autres sources indiquées.
Utilisation des documents: Les textes, les images et les vidéos de ce site internet sont protégées par copyright. Toute reproduction et tout usage sans accord préalable ne sont pas autorisés. Si vous désirez acquérir pour certains documents (photos, vidéos, textes ou autres) le droit de reproduction, d'édition et, plus généralement, de toute utilisation destinée à un usage public, qu'elle soit commerciale ou pas, vous êtes priés de nous contacter.
Volcanoes & Earthquakes
VolcanoDiscovery Home
Volcans | Séismes | Photos | Actualités | App
Adventure & Study Travel
Tours to Volcanoes and Volcanic Areas: walking tours, photo tours, study tours
Voyages |
Get our newsletter!
Company info
Contact | Mentions légales | Terms & conditions
Follow us
Follow us on facebook Follow us on Instagram Follow us on Twitter Visit our Youtube channel
EN | DE | EL | ES | FR | IT | RU
VolcanoDiscovery GmbH, Germany, Reg. nr.: HRB 103744, EU Tax Id: DE 310 395 322 owned and created by
Dr. Tom Pfeiffer, volcanologist, volcano photographer, tour organizer member of
IAVCEI
Volcanological Society
Ecotourism Greece
Insured by R+V
VolcanoDiscovery © 2004- All Rights Reserved | Privacy