Chichinautzin volcan

Volcanic field 3930+ m / 12,894 ft
Western & Central Mexico, Mexiko, 19.08°N / -99.13°W
Condition actuelle: normal / en sommeil (1 sur 5)

Chichinautzin volcano is an active volcanic field immediately south of Mexico City. It contains more than 200 cinder cones, small shield volcanoes and large lava flows within a vast 90 km long E-W oriented area at the southern end of the Mexico Basin. Parts of Mexico City are built upon a 13 km long lava flow from the Chichinautzin volcanic field. The last volcanic activity was only about 400 years ago.

Montrer carte interactive
Style éruptif tipique: Effusive and strombolian
Eruptions du volcan Chichinautzin: 400 AD ± 100 years (radiocarbon dating), 200 AD ± 100, 2240 BC ± 1000, 4250 BC ± 75, 5840 BC ± 500, 7290 BC ± 1000, 7370 BC ± 300, 7930 BC ± 500

Latest nearby earthquakes

No recent earthquakes
HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistance/Lieu

Introduction

The Sierra Chichinautzin volcanic field formed primarily of overlapping small cinder cones and shield volcanoes, which creates a broad topographic barrier at the southern end of the Basin of Mexico that extends from the eastern flank of Nevado de Toluca to the western flank of Iztaccíhuatl volcano.
The volcanic field contains more than 220 Pleistocene-to-Holocene monogenetic vents. The best-known eruption occurred about 1670 radiocarbon years ago from the Xitle scoria cone, NE of the Volcán Ajusco lava-dome complex, which at 3930 m forms the highest peak of the Sierra Chichinautzin. The Xitle eruption produced a massive basaltic tube-fed lava flow that covered agricultural lands as well as pyramids and other structures of Cuicuilco and adjacent prehispanic urban centers. The southern part of Mexico City and the National University of México lie atop the distal end of the 13-km-long lava flow.
---
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Montrer plus
Découvrez notre app gratuite !
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | Version iOS

Plus sur VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Improved multilanguage support
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Detailed quake stats
  • Additional seismic data sources
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyright: VolcanoDiscovery ou autres sources indiquées.
Utilisation des documents: Les textes, les images et les vidéos de ce site internet sont protégées par copyright. Toute reproduction et tout usage sans accord préalable ne sont pas autorisés. Si vous désirez acquérir pour certains documents (photos, vidéos, textes ou autres) le droit de reproduction, d'édition et, plus généralement, de toute utilisation destinée à un usage public, qu'elle soit commerciale ou pas, vous êtes priés de nous contacter.