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Galunggung volcan éruptions

Stratovolcano 2168 m / 7,113 ft
Java Ouest (Indonésie), -7.25°S / 108.06°E
Liste des éruptions: 1984, 1982-83 (VEI 4), 1918, 1894, 1822


April 1982 - Jan 1983 eruption

The 1982-1983 eruption was a series of violent explosions with tall ash plumes and pyroclastic flows and mud flows. It killed at least 21 people, caused evacuation of 40,000 people and destroyed ca 94,000 ha of cultivated land.

Aircraft ash encounter at Galunggung - near fatal accident with Boing 474

On 24 June 1982, a Boeing 747 flew through Galunggung's undetected ash plume, which caused all four engines to fail. Fortunately, the engines could be restarted after the plane had lost 25,000 ft and came into denser air, and the crew managed a successful emergency landing, saving the lives of 263 people. This and a similar accident over Alaska raised awareness of the need to monitor volcanic ash plumes, which lead to the formation of the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centres (VAAC).
ven., 1 juin 2012, 10:05

Galunggung volcano (West Java, Indonesia) activity update: decreasing activity, alert level lowered back to normal (green)

Since the Alert Level was raised on 12 February, seismic activity at Galunggung had drastically decreased through 27 May. Read all
mer., 23 mai 2012, 06:00

Galunggung volcano (Western Java, Indonesia) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 23 May-29 May 2012 (New Activity / Unrest)

CVGHM reported that, since the Alert Level was raised on 12 February, seismic activity at Galunggung had drastically decreased through 27 May. During 27 April-27 May plants around the crater area looked green and lush, small fish were swimming in the water, and insects around the crater were active. Based on seismic data, crater lake water temperature and pH data, and visual observations, CVGHM lowered the Alert Level from 2 to 1 (on a scale of 1-4) on 28 May. ... Read all
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