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Eyafjallajökull volcan

Stratovolcano 1666 m (5,466 ft)
Islande, 63.63°N / -19.62°W
Condition actuelle: normal / en sommeil (1 sur 5)
Last update: 14 déc. 2021 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)
The ash cloud from erupting Eyafjallajökull volcano, which spread over Europe in mid April and led to an unprecedented closure of airspace for almost 7 days over almost all of Europe
The ash cloud from erupting Eyafjallajökull volcano, which spread over Europe in mid April and led to an unprecedented closure of airspace for almost 7 days over almost all of Europe

Eyafjallajökull volcano (its name meaning Island-Mountain under a glacier) under the small homonymous glacier in southern Iceland erupted spectacularly on 20 March 2010, after having been dormant for almost 200 years. During its most violent phase, the subglacial eruption produced large ash plumes that drifted over Europe and forced an unprecedented closure of airspace over most of Europe for several days in mid April 2010.

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Style éruptif tipique: Effusive (Hawaiian-style lava fountains and lava flows), mildly explosive due to ice-water-lava interaction.
Eruptions du volcan Eyafjallajökull: 1821-23, 20 March - June 2010
Derniers séismes proches:
HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistance/Lieu
vendredi, 20 mai 2022 GMT (2 séismes)
20 mai 2022 18:06 (GMT +0) (20 mai. 2022 18:06 GMT)
1.3

11 km
3.9 km (2.4 mi)
Iceland: 7.8 Km WSW of Básar
20 mai 2022 07:00 (GMT +0) (20 mai. 2022 07:00 GMT)
2.6

6.2 km
5.3 km (3.3 mi)
Iceland: 7.5 Km SSW of Básar
mardi, 10 mai 2022 GMT (3 séismes)
10 mai 2022 19:03 (GMT +0) (10 mai. 2022 19:03 GMT)
1.7

1.1 km
6.6 km (4.1 mi)
Iceland: 2.4 Km SW of Básar
10 mai 2022 19:03 (GMT +0) (10 mai. 2022 19:03 GMT)
1.7

1.5 km
1.5 km (0.9 mi)
Iceland: 8.1 Km SW of Básar
10 mai 2022 02:35 (GMT +0) (10 mai. 2022 02:35 GMT)
1.3

25 km
11 km (6.8 mi)
Iceland: 2.8 Km N of Básar

Introduction

Eyjafjöll, located immediately west of Katla volcano, consists of an E-W-trending, elongated ice-covered basaltic-andesite stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera.
Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the eastern and western flanks of the volcano, but are more prominent on the western side. Although the 1666-m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland's eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known. The sole historical eruption of Eyjafjöll, during December 1821 to January 1823, produced intermediate-to-silicic tephra from the central caldera.
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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute

Eyafjallajökull Photos

The ash plume generated by Eyafjallajökull's eruption in April 2010. (Photo: Jorge Santos)
The ash plume generated by Eyafjallajökull's eruption in April 2010. (Photo: Jorge Santos)
The ash plume generated by Eyafjallajökull's eruption in April 2010. (Photo: Jorge Santos)
The ash plume generated by Eyafjallajökull's eruption in April 2010. (Photo: Jorge Santos)
The ash plume generated by Eyafjallajökull's eruption in April 2010. (Photo: Jorge Santos)
The ash plume generated by Eyafjallajökull's eruption in April 2010. (Photo: Jorge Santos)
Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland, 8 May 2010 - glowing ash explosions in the twilight (Photo: Martin Rietze)
Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland, 8 May 2010 - glowing ash explosions in the twilight (Photo: Martin Rietze)
 



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