IntroductionThe Ijen volcano complex at the eastern end of Java consists of a group of small stratovolcanoes constructed within the large 20-km-wide Ijen (Kendeng) caldera. The north caldera wall forms a prominent arcuate ridge, but elsewhere the caldera rim is buried by post-caldera volcanoes, including Gunung Merapi stratovolcano, which forms the 2799 m high point of the Ijen complex. Immediately west of Gunung Merapi is the renowned historically active Kawah Ijen volcano, which contains a nearly 1-km-wide, turquoise-colored, acid crater lake. Picturesque Kawah Ijen is the world's largest highly acidic lake and is the site of a labor-intensive sulfur mining operation in which sulfur-laden baskets are hand-carried from the crater floor. Many other post-caldera cones and craters are located within the caldera or along its rim. The largest concentration of post-caldera cones forms an E-W-trending zone across the southern side of the caldera. Coffee plantations cover much of the Ijen caldera floor, and tourists are drawn to its waterfalls, hot springs, and dramatic volcanic scenery.
Blue flames. Breathing was only possible with a good gas mask and staying near the burning sulfur was only possible for a very short time. (Photo: Andi Rosadi)
Voyages au volcan Ijen :Du Krakatau à Bali (16-jours d'étude à la découverte des volcans de Java, Indonésie)Les volcans actifs de Java (17 jours de voyage et de trekking sur les volcans actifs de Java)Rêve Planétaire - Le Tour des Volcans du Monde (4 semaines de découvertes autour du Monde à Hawai'i - Vanuatu - Nouvelle Zélande - Indonésie)Volcans de l'Est-Java (4 à 6 jours de randonnées à la découverte des volcans Bromo, Semeru et Ijen)Bromo, Semeru, Ijen (Voyage trekking sur les volcans Semeru, Bromo et Ijen (Est-Java))
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS