Vulcano volcan

Mise à jour: 18 août. 2022 10:05 GMT - Refresh
Stratovolcano 500 m
Eolian Islands, Italy, 38.4°N / 14.96°E
Condition actuelle: en vigilance - niveau agité (2 sur 5)
Last update: 22 déc. 2021
View of the crater of La Fossa volcano, Vulcano Island.
View of the crater of La Fossa volcano, Vulcano Island.

Vulcano, named after the Roman god of Fire, is the southernmost of the Eolian Islands north of Sicily, Italy. Vulcano has an active volcano (also called the Fossa) that has had frequent eruptions documented since Ancient times.

Montrer carte interactive
Style éruptif tipique: explosive (vulcanian) eruptions
Eruptions du volcan Vulcano: Frequent eruptions since Ancient and Medieval times; during the last 300 years eruptions in 1727, 1731, 1771, 1775(?), 1780, 1786(?), 1812(?), 1822(?), 1831(?), 1873, 1886, 1888, 1892(?)
Derniers séismes proches:
HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistance/Lieu
lundi, 15 août 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
15 août 2022 08:41 (GMT +2) (15 août. 2022 06:41 GMT)
2.2

20 km
34 km (21 mi)
6.7 km à l'est de Capo d'Orlando, Province de Messine, Sicile, Italie
jeudi, 11 août 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
11 août 2022 17:05 (GMT +2) (11 août. 2022 15:05 GMT)
2.0

111 km
22 km (14 mi)
Mer Tyrrhénienne, 44 km au nord-ouest de Messine, Sicile, Italie
dimanche, 7 août 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
7 août 2022 08:31 (GMT +2) (7 août. 2022 06:31 GMT)
1.3

5 km
33 km (21 mi)
Italy: Isole Eolie (Messina)
samedi, 6 août 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
6 août 2022 05:52 (GMT +2) (6 août. 2022 03:52 GMT)
2.4

165 km
19 km (12 mi)
Mer Tyrrhénienne, 24 km au nord de Capo d'Orlando, Italie

Introduction

Vulcano was constructed during six volcanic stages during the past 136,000 years. Two overlapping calderas, the 2.5-km-wide Caldera del Piano on the SE and the 4-km-wide Caldera della Fossa on the NW, were formed at about 100,000 and 24,000-15,000 years ago, respectively, and volcanism has migrated to the north over time.
La Fossa cone, active throughout the Holocene and the location of most of the historical eruptions of Vulcano, occupies the 3-km-wide Caldera della Fossa at the NW end of the elongated, 3 x 7 km island. The Vulcanello lava platform forms a low, roughly circular peninsula on the northern tip of Vulcano that was formed as an island beginning in 183 BC and was connected to Vulcano in about 1550 AD. Vulcanello is capped by three pyroclastic cones and was active intermittently until the 16th century. The latest eruption from Vulcano consisted of explosive activity from the Fossa cone from 1898 to 1900. Source: Smithsonian GVP

Vulcano Photos

Sulfur deposits and escaping gas from fumaroles on Vulcano volcano's La Fossa crater rim. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Sulfur deposits and escaping gas from fumaroles on Vulcano volcano's La Fossa crater rim. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Aerial view of Vulcano Island. The left older part of the island is an older caldera - the remnant of a dissected stratovolcano, the right part is a younger caldera where the present-day harbour and tourist village of Vulcano is located next to the active cone (light brown) La Fossa. A narrow land bridge connects the island with the peninsula formed by the little cone Vulcanello (an island, that appeared in Roman times), mostly out of the right frame in this picture. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Aerial view of Vulcano Island. The left older part of the island is an older caldera - the remnant of a dissected stratovolcano, the right part is a younger caldera where...
Salina's volcanoes Monte dei Porri and Monte Fossa delle Felci in the background against the approaching storm front.  (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Salina's volcanoes Monte dei Porri and Monte Fossa delle Felci in the background against the approaching storm front. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Panorama view over Vulcano and Vulcanello in the foreground, Salina, Lipari, Panarea (near the rainbow) and in the distant background, Stromboli.  (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Panorama view over Vulcano and Vulcanello in the foreground, Salina, Lipari, Panarea (near the rainbow) and in the distant background, Stromboli. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
 



Voyages au volcan Vulcano :
Volcans d'Italie - le Grand Tour (15 jours d'expédition du Vésuve à l’Etna)
Montagnes de Feu - du Stromboli à l'Etna (marche et voyage d'étude avec un volcanologue vers les volcans Etna, Vulcano, Lipari et Stromboli)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

La Fossa cone, Vulcano island, seen from the sea
La Fossa cone, Vulcano island, seen from the sea
Large breadcrust bomb at the crater rim of La Fossa volcano, Vulcano - Eolian Islands (Italy)
Large breadcrust bomb at the crater rim of La Fossa volcano, Vulcano - Eolian Islands (Italy)
Beneficial effects of volcanic mud, Vulcano island (Italy)
Beneficial effects of volcanic mud, Vulcano island (Italy)

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