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Actualités
jeu., 31 mars 2016, 08:55
Summary of Makian's seismic activity since Jan 2014 (VSI)
Seismic unrest continues at the volcano with a weak tendency of increase in shallow volcanic earthquakes during the past weeks, possibly related to the ascent of a new magmatic body. Read all
mar., 8 mars 2016, 17:21
Seismic activity of Kie Besi volcano (Makian) over the past weeks (VSI)
The alert level of Makian Island's Kie Besi volcano was raised from 1 (normal) to 2 ("waspada" = watch) yesterday, as an increase in seismic activity has been detected recently under the volcano. ... Read all

Makian volcan

Stratovolcano 1357 m / 4,452 ft
Halmahera, Indonesien, 0.32°N / 127.4°E
Condition actuelle: normal / en sommeil (1 sur 5)
Last update: 31 Mar 2016
Kiebesi volcano (Makian Island) seen from the NW with the prominent Ngopagita gully (image: Ruska Hadian, 1985, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia)

Makian volcano is one of Inondesia's most destructive volcanoes. It has had infrequent, but violent eruptions that have devastated villages on the island. Its eruption have been recorded since about 1550; the major eruptions in 1646, 1760-61, 1861-62, 1890, and 1988 caused extensive damage and many fatalities.

Montrer carte interactive
Style éruptif tipique: Explosive eruptions. Infrequent but violent explosions with large amounts of ash and pyroclastic flows generated.
Eruptions du volcan Makian: 1550, 1646, 1660(?), 1760-61, 1854(?), 1860(?), 1861-62, 1863, 1864, 1890, 1988

Latest nearby earthquakes

HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistanceLieu
Tue, 4 May 2021 (GMT) (1 séisme)
4 May 2021 12:11:39 GMT
3.4

117 km - Plus
kmMaluku Sea, 75 km au sud de Ternate, North Maluku, Indonésie

Introduction

Makian volcano forms a 10-km-wide island near the southern end of a chain of volcanic islands off the west coast of Halmahera. The large 1.5-km-wide summit crater, containing a small lake on the NE side, gives the 1357-m-high peak a flat-topped profile. Two prominent valleys extend to the coast from the summit crater on the north and east sides. Four parasitic cones are found on the western flanks.
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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution

1988 eruption
A white steam plume appeared on Makian volcano on 17 July 1988. At night, glow from the crater was visible indicating a new eruption. 15,000 people evacuated to to Moti Island 10 km to the north. On 29 July an explosion produced a large ash plume reaching 8 km height and drifting 100 km SW. On 30 July, pyroclastic flows (nuées ardentes) reached the sea. Eruptions continued until August 1988, after when the eruption started to die out.

1976 eruption warning & evacuations
In June 1976, local authorities believed an eruption of Makian could be impending and ordered the evacuation of 3,250 families. It turned out later that the seismic activity prompting this measure had been tectonic and not related to the volcano. No eruption followed.

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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