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Papandayan volcan

stratovolcan 2665 m / 8,743 ft.
Java Ouest (Indonésie), -7.32°S / 107.73°E
Condition actuelle: normal / en sommeil (1 sur 5)
Last update: 9 déc. 2021 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Papandayan is a complex stratovolcano with four large summit craters, the youngest of which was breached to the NE by collapse during a brief eruption in 1772 and contains active fumarole fields.

Montrer carte interactive
Style éruptif tipique:

Explosive. At present strong fumarolic activity.


Eruptions du volcan Papandayan: 1772 (moderate eruption followed by a devastating debris avalanche), 1923, 1942, 2002
Derniers séismes proches:
HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistance/Lieu
mercredi, 11 mai 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
11 mai 2022 07:53 (GMT +7) (11 mai. 2022 00:53 GMT)
2.7

10 km
59 km (37 mi)
28 km au sud-ouest de Banjar, Java occidental, Indonésie
mardi, 10 mai 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
10 mai 2022 23:46 (GMT +7) (10 mai. 2022 16:46 GMT)
2.6

74 km
99 km (62 mi)
34 km au sud de Sukabumi, Java occidental, Indonésie

Introduction

The broad 1.1-km-wide, flat-floored Alun-Alun crater truncates the summit of Papandayan, and Gunung Puntang to the north gives the volcano a twin-peaked appearance. Several episodes of collapse have given the volcano an irregular profile and produced debris avalanches that have impacted lowland areas beyond the volcano. A sulfur-encrusted fumarole field occupies historically active Kawah Mas ("Golden Crater").
After its first historical eruption in 1772, in which collapse of the NE flank produced a catastrophic debris avalanche that destroyed 40 villages and killed nearly 3000 persons, only small phreatic eruptions had occurred prior to an explosive eruption that began in November 2002.
(Source: GVP)

Papandayan Photos

Dry mud pool (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Dry mud pool (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A drying-out pond containing ill-looking red water inside the crater of Papandayan volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A drying-out pond containing ill-looking red water inside the crater of Papandayan volcano. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Green acid lake in Papandayan's crater (West Java) (Photo: Dietmar)
Green acid lake in Papandayan's crater (West Java) (Photo: Dietmar)
Red waters of a small creek from Papandayan's crater (Photo: Dietmar)
Red waters of a small creek from Papandayan's crater (Photo: Dietmar)
 



Voyages au volcan Papandayan :
Du Krakatau à Bali (16-jours d'étude à la découverte des volcans de Java, Indonésie)
Les volcans actifs de Java (17 jours de voyage et de trekking sur les volcans actifs de Java)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Fumaroles at Papandayan volcano
Fumaroles at Papandayan volcano
Unrooted tree (2002 eruption of Papandayan volcano)
Unrooted tree (2002 eruption of Papandayan volcano)
Colorful water pools
Colorful water pools
A small pond filled with boiling mud (Papandayan volcano)
A small pond filled with boiling mud (Papandayan volcano)
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