IntroductionThe broad 1.1-km-wide, flat-floored Alun-Alun crater truncates the summit of Papandayan, and Gunung Puntang to the north gives the volcano a twin-peaked appearance. Several episodes of collapse have given the volcano an irregular profile and produced debris avalanches that have impacted lowland areas beyond the volcano. A sulfur-encrusted fumarole field occupies historically active Kawah Mas ("Golden Crater").
After its first historical eruption in 1772, in which collapse of the NE flank produced a catastrophic debris avalanche that destroyed 40 villages and killed nearly 3000 persons, only small phreatic eruptions had occurred prior to an explosive eruption that began in November 2002.
Voyages au volcan Papandayan :Du Krakatau à Bali (16-jours d'étude à la découverte des volcans de Java, Indonésie)Les volcans actifs de Java (17 jours de voyage et de trekking sur les volcans actifs de Java)
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS