Kilauea (Hawaii): lava lake & summit Nov 2016

Impressions from a beautiful morning spent observing the summit lava lake and walking around the caldera through Steam Vents and Sulfur Banks to Volcano House.
HVO's Jagger Museum illuminated by the lava glow (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
HVO's Jagger Museum illuminated by the lava glow (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Early dawn with Gegenschein (the light pyramid above the horizon's dawn) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Early dawn with Gegenschein (the light pyramid above the horizon's dawn) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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The lava lake in Halema'uma'u at dawn (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The lava lake in Halema'uma'u at dawn (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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The sky brightens up quickly (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The sky brightens up quickly (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Lava lake just before sunrise (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Lava lake just before sunrise (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Shadows cast by the sun just under the horizon; Kilauea Iki crater in the background (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Shadows cast by the sun just under the horizon; Kilauea Iki crater in the background (Photo: Tom Pfe... [info]
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Mauna Loa, the world's biggest volcano at dawn (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Mauna Loa, the world's biggest volcano at dawn (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Western part of the Kilauea caldera (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Western part of the Kilauea caldera (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Grassland near the Steam vents (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Grassland near the Steam vents (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Morning view towards Mauna Loa (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Morning view towards Mauna Loa (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Gas plume rising from Halema'uma'u's lava lake (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Gas plume rising from Halema'uma'u's lava lake (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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The site of the "Steam vents" on the inner caldera rim. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The site of the "Steam vents" on the inner caldera rim. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Fresh and scented grassland - gas plume from the lava lake in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Fresh and scented grassland - gas plume from the lava lake in the background. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Area near Steam Vents (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Area near Steam Vents (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Hot steam escapes from small vents (fissures and small depressions) in the ground. These are fed by heated rain water that infiltrates the upper rock layers. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Hot steam escapes from small vents (fissures and small depressions) in the ground. These are fed by ... [info]
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Pahoehoe lava flows cover the caldera floor. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Pahoehoe lava flows cover the caldera floor. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Colorful algae and bacteria deposits at one of the steam vents. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Colorful algae and bacteria deposits at one of the steam vents. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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View down the caldera cliff (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
View down the caldera cliff (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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View of the Kilauea caldera from near the Volcano House (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
View of the Kilauea caldera from near the Volcano House (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Grass meadow and Mauna Loa in background (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Grass meadow and Mauna Loa in background (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Hot steam from one of the many steam vents in the ground. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Hot steam from one of the many steam vents in the ground. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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View into an approx. 1 m deep steam vent (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
View into an approx. 1 m deep steam vent (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Lehua blossom on a young Ohia tree (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Lehua blossom on a young Ohia tree (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Near the outer caldera wall, we reach the site of Sulfur Banks. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Near the outer caldera wall, we reach the site of Sulfur Banks. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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In this area, deep fractures bring volcanic gasses from the magma chamber to the surface. Containing sulfur, they leave colorful sulfur and other mineral deposits. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
In this area, deep fractures bring volcanic gasses from the magma chamber to the surface. Containing... [info]
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Fragile monoclinic sulfur needles form around the many small vents in the ground. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Fragile monoclinic sulfur needles form around the many small vents in the ground. (Photo: Tom Pfeiff... [info]
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Sulfur needles (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Sulfur needles (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Fragile egg-shaped sulfur sculpture a few cm tall. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Fragile egg-shaped sulfur sculpture a few cm tall. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Sulfur needles... (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Sulfur needles... (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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... admired by our mascot "Schnappi" (aka Volcano Croc :-) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
... admired by our mascot "Schnappi" (aka Volcano Croc :-) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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Steaming rocks (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Steaming rocks (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info]
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After a short morning walk, we reach the Volcano House for a delicious breakfast (probably the best on the island!) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
After a short morning walk, we reach the Volcano House for a delicious breakfast (probably the best ... [info]
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