Help Ukraine

Pico de Orizaba volcan

Stratovolcano 5675 m / 18,619 ft
Central Mexico, 19.03°N / -97.27°W
Condition actuelle: normal / en sommeil (1 sur 5)

Pico de Orizaba volcano (Volcán Citlaltépetl) is a large active stratovolcano, Mexico's highest mountain and the highest volcano of North America. It is located at the southern end of Citlaltépetl–Cofre de Perote Volcanic Range, and the only volcano in this area with historic activity.
Historical eruptions have consisted of moderate explosive activity and the effusion of dacitic lava flows. The latest eruption of the volcano were in 1545, 1566, 1630 and 1687.

Montrer carte interactive
Style éruptif tipique: Explosive
Eruptions du volcan Pico de Orizaba: 1157(?), 1175, 1187(?), 1260, 1351(?), 1533-39(?), 1545-55, 1566, 1569-89, 1613, 1687, 1846
Derniers séismes proches:
HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistance/Lieu
mercredi, 18 mai 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
18 mai 2022 16:04 (GMT -5) (18 mai. 2022 21:04 GMT)
3.4

3 km
51 km (32 mi)
10.4 km au sud-est de Tecamachalco, État de Puebla, Mexique
vendredi, 13 mai 2022 GMT (1 séisme)
13 mai 2022 16:51 (GMT -5) (13 mai. 2022 21:51 GMT)
3.4

26 km
172 km (107 mi)
16 km au nord de Cuautla, Morelos, Mexique

Introduction

Pico de Orizaba volcano was formed in 3 stages beginning during the mid-Pleistocene. Orizaba lies at the southern end of a volcanic chain extending north to Cofre de Perote volcano and towers up to 4400 m above its eastern base. Construction of the initial Torrecillas and Espolón de Oro volcanoes was contemporaneous with growth of Sierra Negra volcano on the SW flank and was followed by edifice collapses that produced voluminous debris avalanches and lahars. The modern Citlaltépetl volcano was constructed during the late Pleistocene and Holocene of viscous andesitic and dacitic lavas, forming the current steep-sided cone. Repetitive explosive eruptions beginning during the early Holocene accompanied lava dome growth and lava effusion.

Pico de Orizaba Photos

Pico de Orizaba as seen from a plane. It is currently a dormant volcano having last erupted in 1846 but at 5564m asl it is also the highest peak in Mexico and the highest volcano of North America. (Photo: RGoadPhotography)
Pico de Orizaba as seen from a plane. It is currently a dormant volcano having last erupted in 1846 but at 5564m asl it is also the highest peak in Mexico and the highest...
 



See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Découvrez notre app gratuite !
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | Version iOS

Plus sur VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Improved multilanguage support
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Detailed quake stats
  • Additional seismic data sources
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyright: VolcanoDiscovery ou autres sources indiquées.
Utilisation des documents: Les textes, les images et les vidéos de ce site internet sont protégées par copyright. Toute reproduction et tout usage sans accord préalable ne sont pas autorisés. Si vous désirez acquérir pour certains documents (photos, vidéos, textes ou autres) le droit de reproduction, d'édition et, plus généralement, de toute utilisation destinée à un usage public, qu'elle soit commerciale ou pas, vous êtes priés de nous contacter.