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Taal volcan

Updated: 29 févr.. 2024 12:34 GMT -
caldera 311 m / 1,020 ft
Luzon, Philippines, 14°N / 120.99°E
Condition actuelle: en vigilance - niveau agité (2 sur 5)
Last update: 21 févr. 2024 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)

Taal volcano with its lake-filled 15x20 km wide Talisay (Taal) caldera is a beautiful caldera volcano, but also one of the most active and dangerous volcanoes of the Philippines. Taal has had some of the country's largest and deadliest eruptions: At least 6 eruptions during the recorded history of Taal since 1572 claimed fatalities, mostly from powerful pyroclastic flows, as well as tsunamis produced in the crater lake.

Montrer carte interactive
Style éruptif tipique: Explosive
Eruptions du volcan Taal: 2020, 1977, 1976, 1970, 1969, 1968, 1967, 1966, 1965, 1911, 1904, 1903, 1885(?), 1878, 1874, 1873, 1842, 1825, 1808, 1790, 1754, 1749, 1731, 1729, 1716, 1715, 1709, 1707, 1645, 1641, 1635, 1634, 1609, 1591, 1572

Derniers séismes proches

HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistance/Lieu
17 févr. 05:48 (Manila)
16 févr.. 21:48 GMT

1.3

35 km
27 km à l'est 21 km au sud-est de Calamba, Laguna, Calabarzon, Philippines Plus
17 févr. 03:19 (Manila)
16 févr.. 19:19 GMT

1.7

6 km
27 km au nord-est 8.8 km au sud-est de Calamba, Laguna, Calabarzon, Philippines Plus
17 févr. 03:09 (GMT +8)
16 févr.. 19:09 GMT

1.6

11 km
29 km au nord-est 4.7 km au sud de Los Baños, Laguna, Calabarzon, Philippines Plus
17 févr. 03:07 (GMT +8)
16 févr.. 19:07 GMT

1.7

34 km
29 km au nord-est 8.4 km au sud-est de Calamba, Laguna, Calabarzon, Philippines Plus

Introduction

The Taal caldera is largely filled by Lake Taal, whose 267 sq km surface lies only 3 m above sea level. The maximum depth of the lake is 160 m, and contains several eruptive centers submerged beneath the lake. All historic eruptions took place from the 5-km-wide volcanic island in the northern-central part of the lake.
The island is formed by overlapping stratovolcanoes, cinder cones and tuff rings (maars). Historic eruptions have seen the constant change and growth of the island.
Taal caused one of the worst volcano disasters in history: its eruption in 1911 killed 1334 people and caused ash fall as far as Manila city. Due to its devastating potential, Taal was declared one of the "Decade Volcanoes" in the Decade Volcanoes program of the 1990s in order to incentive study and monitoring of the volcano. Taal is today one of the most closely monitored volcanoes in the region. An increase in seismic activity under Taal was recorded in November 2006, followed by an increase in hot water springs in the crater in April 2007.

Aerial image of Taal Volcano Island credit: TheCoffee (Mike Gonzalez), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Taal Photos




See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
mer., 21 févr. 2024, 15:00

Taal volcano (Luzon, Philippines) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 14 February-20 February 2024 (Continuing Activity)

In a special report issued for Taal on 19 February, PHIVOLCS noted that sulfur dioxide emissions were as high as 14,211 tonnes per day (t/d) and that a sulfur odor was reported in the neighborhoods of Bilibinwang and Banyaga, in the Municipality of Agoncillo. Sulfur dioxide emissions have been continuously released since 2021 and averaged 10,000 t/d during January-February 2024. Seismicity has been low in 2024 with only 17 volcanic earthquakes, mainly associated with gas emissions. ... Read all
mer., 29 nov. 2023, 15:00

Taal volcano (Luzon, Philippines) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 22 November-28 November 2023 (Continuing Activity)

PHIVOLCS reported that unrest at Taal continued during 22-28 November. Daily pronounced upwelling of gases and hot fluids in the lake generated steam-and-gas plumes that rose as high as 1.2 km above the crater and drifted SW. Sulfur dioxide emissions averaged 7,608 and 11,962 tonnes per day on 23 and 27 November, respectively. ... Read all
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