Taal volcan

caldeira 311 m / 1,020 ft
Luzon, Philippines, 14°N / 120.99°E
Condition actuelle: Activité petite ou avertissement éruption imminente (3 sur 5)
Last update: 14 juil. 2021 (elevated seismic activity, more than 180 volcanic quakes)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)
Aerial photo of Taal Volcano on December 22, 2012 (image: Mike Gonzalez, Wikimedia Commons, see text for link)

Volcan Taal, avec son lac rempli de 15x20 km de large Talisay (Taal) caldeira est un volcan Caldera beau, mais aussi l'un des volcans les plus actifs et dangereux des Philippines. Taal a eu quelques-uns des plus grosses éruptions meurtrières et du pays: au moins six éruptions au cours de l'histoire enregistrée de Taal depuis 1572 morts revendiquée, principalement de puissantes coulées pyroclastiques, ainsi que les tsunamis produite dans le lac de cratère.

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Style éruptif tipique: Explosive
Eruptions du volcan Taal: 1977, 1976, 1970, 1969, 1968, 1967, 1966, 1965, 1911, 1904, 1903, 1885(?), 1878, 1874, 1873, 1842, 1825, 1808, 1790, 1754, 1749, 1731, 1729, 1716, 1715, 1709, 1707, 1645, 1641, 1635, 1634, 1609, 1591, 1572

Latest nearby earthquakes

HeureMag. / ProfondeurDistance/Lieu
Mon, 2 Aug 2021 (GMT) (1 séisme)
02 August 2021 - 08:17 PM (PST) (2 Aug 2021 12:17:00 GMT)
2.4

131 km
46 km (29 mi)
Mer de Chine orientale, 20 km au sud de Nasugbu, Philippines
Sun, 1 Aug 2021 (GMT) (1 séisme)
02 August 2021 - 04:55 AM (PST) (1 Aug 2021 20:55:00 GMT)
2.0

96 km
32 km (20 mi)
Mer de Chine orientale, 25 km à l'ouest de Batangas, Calabarzon, Philippines
Fri, 30 Jul 2021 (GMT) (1 séisme)
31 July 2021 - 06:35 AM (PST) (30 Jul 2021 22:35:00 GMT)
1.6

99 km
48 km (30 mi)
Mer de Chine orientale, 22 km au sud-ouest de Balayan, Philippines
Thu, 29 Jul 2021 (GMT) (2 séismes)
30 July 2021 - 04:26 AM (PST) (29 Jul 2021 20:26:00 GMT)
2.2

120 km
48 km (30 mi)
Mer de Chine orientale, 13 km au sud-ouest de Nasugbu, Philippines
30 July 2021 - 02:15 AM (PST) (29 Jul 2021 18:15:00 GMT)
2.1

11 km
34 km (21 mi)
Mer de Chine orientale, 19 km au sud-ouest de Taal, Philippines

Introduction

The Taal caldera is largely filled by Lake Taal, whose 267 sq km surface lies only 3 m above sea level. The maximum depth of the lake is 160 m, and contains several eruptive centers submerged beneath the lake. All historic eruptions took place from the 5-km-wide volcanic island in the northern-central part of the lake.
The island is formed by overlapping stratovolcanoes, cinder cones and tuff rings (maars). Historic eruptions have seen the constant change and growth of the island.
Taal caused one of the worst volcano disasters in history: its eruption in 1911 killed 1334 people and caused ash fall as far as Manila city. Due to its devastating potential, Taal was declared one of the "Decade Volcanoes" in the Decade Volcanoes program of the 1990s in order to incentive study and monitoring of the volcano. Taal is today one of the most closely monitored volcanoes in the region. An increase in seismic activity under Taal was recorded in November 2006, followed by an increase in hot water springs in the crater in April 2007.

Aerial image of Taal Volcano Island credit: TheCoffee (Mike Gonzalez), CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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