Galunggung volcano eruptions

Stratovolcano 2168 m / 7,113 ft
West Java (Indonesia), -7.25°S / 108.06°E
Eruption list: 1984, 1982-83 (VEI 4), 1918, 1894, 1822


April 1982 - Jan 1983 eruption

The 1982-1983 eruption was a series of violent explosions with tall ash plumes and pyroclastic flows and mud flows. It killed at least 21 people, caused evacuation of 40,000 people and destroyed ca 94,000 ha of cultivated land.
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Aircraft ash encounter at Galunggung volcano - near fatal accident with Boing 474

On 24 June 1982, a Boeing 747 flew through Galunggung's undetected ash plume, which caused all four engines to fail. Fortunately, the engines could be restarted after the plane had lost 25,000 ft and came into denser air, and the crew managed a successful emergency landing, saving the lives of 263 people. This and a similar accident over Alaska raised awareness of the need to monitor volcanic ash plumes, which lead to the formation of the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centres (VAAC).
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