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Erupting New SE crater of Etna volcano at dawn (17 Nov 2013) (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
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Avachinsky towering above Petropavlovsk, Kamchatka's largest city, is one of Kamchatka's most active volcanoes. It typically erupts every few years to decades, often producing ash flows and lahars.
|Volcano type||Stratovolcano normal or dormant|
|Summit elevation||2741 m (8,993 ft)|
|Avachinsky volcano eruptions||1737 (produced tsunami), 1772, 1779, 1789, 1827, 1828, 1837, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1878, 1881, 1894-95, 1901, 1909, 1926-27, 1938, 1945, 1991, 2001, 2008 (ongoing)|
|Typical eruption style||Explosive|
Avachinsky began to form during the middle or late Pleistocene and is flanked to the SE by the parasitic volcano Kozelsky, which has a large crater breached to the NE. Avachinsky has a large horseshoe-shaped caldera, breached to the SW, that was formed when a major debris avalanche about 30,000-40,000 years ago buried an area of about 500 sq km to the south underlying the city of Petropavlovsk. Reconstruction of the volcano took place in two stages, the first of which began about 18,000 years before present (BP), and the second 7000 years BP. Most eruptive products have been explosive, with pyroclastic flows and hot lahars being directed primarily to the SW by the breached caldera, although relatively short lava flows have been emitted. The frequent historical eruptions of Avachinsky have been similar in style and magnitude to previous Holocene eruptions.
Source: Global Volcanism Program
More on VolcanoDiscovery:
Nyiragongo volcano photos
: Nyiragongo (DR Congo) has the world's largest and most active lava lake. Enjoy our pictures taken during several expeditions over the past years.
Largest 20 earthquakes past 24 hrs
: Our continuously updated worldwide map and list of the most recent largest earthquakes in the world during the past 24 hours.
You can also find top 20 lists for given past days / months / years from the archive.
1-3 day excursions
: If you're interested in volcanoes, there are a number of excursions you should not miss if you're in the area: hike to the craters of Stromboli volcano, climb Etna volcano, get to know the unique volcanic history of Santorini - some examples of shorter (1-3 days) tours and excursions we offer.
Dallol hot springs
: One of the most bizarre landscapes on earth: Dallol is a vast and very active hydrothermal field creating a colorful array of hot springs, small geysers, salt towers, colorful lakes and ponds in the middle of the deepest part of the Danakil desert and the Karum salt lake.