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Strong eruption and illuminated fumes in the crater of Stromboli (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Thunderstorms are frequent above Ambrym. Here, the lava lakes in the craters illuminate a rain cloud...
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Cerro Negro, Central America's youngest volcano was born in April 1850 and is one of the region's most active volcanoes. It has been producing frequent strombolian eruptions, occasional lava fountains and lava flows, and powerful explosive eruptions every few decades.
Cerro Negro lies in a sparsely populated area and its eruptions have not caused significant damage nearby, but ash fall from its sometimes strong explosions have damaged farmland and houses in the populated areas of the Nicaraguan depression.
|Volcano type||cinder cones normal or dormant|
|Summit elevation||728 m / 2,388 ft|
|Cerro Negro volcano eruptions||1999, 1995, 1992, 1971, 1969, 1968, 1964, 1963, 1962, 1961, 1960, 1957, 1954, 1950, 1949, 1948, 1947, 1929, 1923, 1919, 1914, 1899, 1867, 1850|
|Typical eruption style||explosive (strombolian to sub-plinian)|
Cerro Negro is the largest, southernmost, and most recent of a group of 4 young cinder cones that formed along a NNW-SSE-trending line in the central Marrabios Range 5 km NW of Las Pilas volcano. The volcano consists of a black ("negro") basaltic cinder cone with associated lava flows, including an aa flow field reaching 4 km to the NE and SW.
The frequent eruptions of Cerro Negro have modified its morphology continuously since its birth 160 years ago.
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