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Alien landscape at Dallol (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
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Megata volcano is a group of 3 small explosion craters (maars) along the tip of the Oga Peninsula in NW Honshu. Recent studies have shown that they have been active during the past 10,000 years.
|Volcano type||maars normal or dormant|
|Summit elevation||291 m / 955 ft|
|Megata volcano eruptions||around 2050 BC, 7050 BC|
|Typical eruption style||explosive|
Ichinomegata, the easternmost, largest, and oldest of the three maars, is 600 m in diameter. Ninomegata and Sannomegata are located immediately east and south of Toga Bay (Togowan), which itself is a maar. The rim of the rhyolitic Toga (Togowan) maar, larger than the Megata maars, is breached by the sea on the western side and was formed about 450,000 years ago. The Megata maars are mostly late Pleistocene in age, but Murayama (1987) noted that pottery from roughly 4000 years before present has been found within tephra layers from the maars.
- Smithsonian GVP volcano information
- Murayama I, (1987) "Volcanoes of Japan (I)", Tokyo: Daimedo, 315 p (2nd edition, in Japanese)
- Katsui et al (1979) "GENESIS OF CALC-ALKALIC ANDESITES FROM OSHIMA-OSHIMA AND ICHINOMEGATA VOLCANOES, NORTH JAPAN", J. Fac.Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Series IV, v. 19 (1-2), pp. 157-168
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