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Caldera 1725 m (5,659 ft)
Iceland, 64.42°N / -17.33°W
(2 out of 5)
Grímsvötn volcano eruptions:
ca. 1310, 1332, 1341, 1354(?), ca. 1370, ca. 1390, ca. 1430, ca. 1450, ca. 1470, ca. 1490, ca. 1510, ca. 1530, 1598, 1603, 1619, 1629, 1638, 1659, 1681, 1684-85, 1706, 1716, 1725, 1753, 1768, 1774, 1783-85
(Laki fissure eruption: the largest historically known effusive eruption), 1794(?), 1796(?), 1816, 1823, 1838, 1854, 1861(?), 1867, 1873, 1883, 1887-89, 1891-92, 1897, 1902-04, 1922, 1933, 1934, 1934, 1938, 1939(?), 1941(?), 1945, 1948(?), 1954, 1972(?), 1983, 1984(?), 1996, 1998, 2004 (Nov.), 2011 (21-26 May)
Typical eruption style:
Effusive, explosive magma-water/ice reaction.
Produces notorious and frequent floods of melt-water bursts from the glacier (jökulhlaups).
News from Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland:
Grímsvötn volcano (Iceland), update: uncertain signals about a possible new eruption soon
Wed, 3 Nov 2010, 16:47
16:47 PM |
Signals of a possible impending eruption at Grimsvötn volcano under the icecap of Vatnajökullremain remain uncertain. Scientist measured an increase in seismic tremor at Grimsvötn, probably caused by the meltwater flow increase, but no volcanic tremor. The composition of the meltwater indicates that much of the water has been melted caused by increased geothermal heat flow. No other signs of an impending eruption are detectable (so far).
Grímsvötn volcano on Iceland might be heating up to a new eruption. Recently, it has been observed that the amount of glacial meltwater from Grímsvötn emerging from under the thick ice cap of Vatnajökull covering the massive volcano has doubled. read all
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