BackgroundThe extensive Pliocene-to-Holocene Haruj volcanic field covers a broad 45,000 sq km area in central Libya and contains very well-preserved basaltic scoria cones, lava flows, and explosion craters. The youngest lava flows of the Haruj field (also known as Al-Haruj al Aswad or Djebel Haroudj) were considered by Klitzsch (1968) to be Holocene in age and are located at the northern side of the field. The Haruj field contains about 150 volcanoes, 30 of which are small shield volcanoes with heights of between 100 and 400 m. The Haruj volcanics are located along the SE extension of the Hon graben system of late Cretaceous to Tertiary age, near the intersection of the Paleozoic southern Haruj uplift and the western edge of the Mesozoic Tibesti-Sirte uplift.
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information
See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8