The image shows the two eruption sites, Eyjafjallajökull that started 14 April, and Fimmvörðuháls 20 March to 12 April. © NASA Earth Observatory.
Eyafjallajokull's eruption might not yet have ended or be ending yet. The vent in the western crater still produces small magma explosions and some ash, and a new crater has formed around the vent. Tremor had strongly increased over the past days, but then descreased again. Scientists continue to monitor the state of the volcano closely. ... read all
It seems that the eruption of Eyafjallajökull volcano has finally ended. While there is still a considerable steam plume rising from the crater, no fresh ash or lava emissions have been observed since yesterday (23 May). The measured heat flow from the crater is low and seismic activity has continued to decrease as well. ... read all
Stratovolcano 1666 m (5,466 ft)
Iceland, 63.63°N / -19.62°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 1 Mar 2020
Eyafjallajökull volcano (its name meaning Island-Mountain under a glacier) under the small homonymous glacier in southern Iceland erupted spectacularly on 20 March 2010, after having been dormant for almost 200 years. During its most violent phase, the subglacial eruption produced large ash plumes that drifted over Europe and forced an unprecedented closure of airspace over most of Europe for several days in mid April 2010.
Typical eruption style
: Effusive (Hawaiian-style lava fountains and lava flows), mildly explosive due to ice-water-lava interaction.
Eyafjallajökull volcano eruptions
: 1821-23, 20 March - June 2010
Latest nearby earthquakes
|Time||Mag. / Depth||Distance||Location|
|Tue, 19 Jan 2021 (GMT)|
|19 Jan 2021 05:34:50 GMT|
8 km - More
|28 km||7.2 Km SW of Vatnafjöll, Iceland|
|19 Jan 2021 04:22:54 GMT|
7.6 km - More
|34 km||6.4 Km WNW of Vatnafjöll, Iceland|
|Mon, 18 Jan 2021 (GMT)|
|18 Jan 2021 11:51:39 GMT|
0.1 km - More
|24 km||6.3 Km NE of Goðabunga, Iceland|
|18 Jan 2021 09:18:12 GMT|
0.4 km - More
|24 km||5.4 Km ENE of Goðabunga, Iceland|
|18 Jan 2021 5:05 am (GMT +0) (18 Jan 2021 05:05:37 GMT)|
1.1 km - More
|23 km||4.5 Km ESE of Goðabunga, Iceland|
Eyjafjöll, located immediately west of Katla volcano, consists of an E-W-trending, elongated ice-covered basaltic-andesite stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera.
Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the eastern and western flanks of the volcano, but are more prominent on the western side. Although the 1666-m-high volcano has erupted during historical time, it has been less active than other volcanoes of Iceland's eastern volcanic zone, and relatively few Holocene lava flows are known. The sole historical eruption of Eyjafjöll, during December 1821 to January 1823, produced intermediate-to-silicic tephra from the central caldera.
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute
See also: Sentinel hub
| Landsat 8
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