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Öraefajökull volcano

Updated: Feb 8, 2023 18:37 GMT -
Stratovolcano 2119 m (6,952 ft)
Iceland, 64°N / -16.65°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 14 Oct 2022 (Volcanic Ash Advisory)

Öraefajökull, Iceland's highest peak, is probably Iceland's most violent volcano. A major silicic eruption in 1362 was Iceland's largest historical explosive eruption. It and another eruption during 1727-28 were accompanied by major jökulhlaups (glacier outburst floods) that caused property damage and fatalities.

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Typical eruption style:

Explosive.


Öraefajökull volcano eruptions: 1362 (Plinian eruption), 1727-28 (sub-Plinian)

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Sunday, February 5, 2023 GMT (2 quakes)
Feb 5, 2023 5:09 pm (GMT +0) (Feb 5, 2023 17:09 GMT)
1.3

14 km
22 km (14 mi)
Iceland: 9.1 Km NNW of Skaftafell
Feb 5, 2023 3:48 pm (GMT +0) (Feb 5, 2023 15:48 GMT)
1.3

1.1 km
30 km (19 mi)
Iceland: 16.0 Km NW of Skaftafell
Tuesday, January 31, 2023 GMT (1 quake)
Jan 31, 2023 1:42 am (GMT +0) (Jan 31, 2023 01:42 GMT)
1.1

4.8 km
44 km (27 mi)
Iceland: 15.4 Km S of Grímsfjall
Thursday, January 26, 2023 GMT (1 quake)
Jan 26, 2023 11:57 pm (GMT +0) (Jan 26, 2023 23:57 GMT)
0.9

0.1 km
23 km (14 mi)
Iceland: 12.3 Km NNW of Skaftafell

Background

Öraefajökull is a broad glacier-clad central volcano at the SE end of the Vatnajökull icecap. A 4 x 5 km subglacial caldera truncates the summit of the basaltic and rhyolitic volcano. The largest-volume volcano in Iceland, 2119-m-high Öraefajökull was mostly constructed during the Pleistocene. Holocene activity has been dominated by explosive summit eruptions, although flank lava effusions have also occurred.

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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
Öraefajökull's glacier-covered caldera seen from the air (photo: (c)Tom Pfeiffer)
Öraefajökull's glacier-covered caldera seen from the air (photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Thu, 25 Oct 2018, 15:56

Öraefajökull volcano (Iceland): continuing seismic unrest cause worries about potential reawakening

Earthquakes under Öræfajökull during the past 7 days
The volcano is continuing to show signs of unrest. Over the past months, elevated numbers of small earthquakes have continued to occur beneath the glacier-covered volcano, suggesting that fresh magma has been accumulating at shallow depth around 5 km. ... Read all
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