Get our newsletter!
Check out our volcano tours on VolcanoAdventures.com!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - app for iPhone & iPad

Guaranteed tours:
3-19 Sep 2020: Volcanoes of Java - Java (Indonesia)
19-26 Sep 2020: Pearl of the Aegean - Santorini - Santorini Island (Greece)
10-18 Oct 2020: From Stromboli to Etna - Eolian Islands + Etna volcano (Italy)
14-27 Nov 2020: Desert, salt and volcanoes - Danakil desert (Ethiopia)
: spaces available / : guaranteed / : few spaces left / : booked out
Random pictures
News
Map of recent quakes under Torfajökull (Iceland Met Office)
Sunday, Feb 17, 2013
A small earthquake swarm has started today. It includes about 20 quakes of small magnitude at shallow depths of 2-4 km. ... [more]

 

Torfajökull volcano

Stratovolcano 1259 m / 4,131 ft
Iceland, 63.93°N / -19.18°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Torfajökull volcano books
Last update: 1 Mar 2020 (earthquake swarm)
Typical eruption style:

Effusive and explosive.


Torfajökull volcano eruptions: ca. 900 AD, 1170(?), 1477
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sat, 4 Jul 2020
Sat, 4 Jul 01:32 UTCM 1.3 / 4.6 km10 km12.4 km NW of Álftavatn (Iceland)
Sat, 4 Jul 01:32 UTCM 1.8 / 5.2 km9 km12.3 km NW of Álftavatn (Iceland)
Thu, 2 Jul 2020
Thu, 2 Jul 05:25 UTCM 0.5 / 1.4 km6 km2.8 km SW of Landmannalaugar (Iceland)
Wed, 1 Jul 2020
Wed, 1 Jul 10:37 UTCM 0.9 / 7.2 km12 km12.2 km ENE of Vatnafjöll (Iceland)
Fri, 26 Jun 2020
Fri, 26 Jun 14:14 UTCM 1.8 / 3.2 km7 km1.7 km WSW of Landmannalaugar (Iceland)
View all recent quakes
The Torfajökull central volcano, located north of Myrdalsjökull and south of Thorisvatn lake, is cut by a 12-km-wide caldera that formed during the Pleistocene.

Background:

Torjajokull consists of the largest area of silicic and intermediate volcanism in Iceland; about 225 cu km of silicic extrusive rocks are exposed. The dominantly rhyolitic complex rises about 500 m above surrounding basaltic plains and is elongated in a WNW-ESE direction. Most rhyolitic lava flows were erupted subglacially, forming silicic hyaloclastites that form ridge and dome-shaped breccias.

During postglacial times only a narrow fissure zone at the western end has been active, producing mostly silicic lava flows, lava domes, and tephras. The most recent silicic eruption produced the Hrafntinnuhraun lava flow about 900 AD. The fissure system is along trend with and was active at the same time as the basaltic Veidivötn fissure system of Bárdarbunga central volcano in 1477 AD. The small Torfajökull icecap lies mostly outside the SE rim of the caldera, which is the site of vigorous thermal activity over a broad area of 130-140 sq km.

---
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute


Latest satellite images


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
 

More on VolcanoDiscovery:

 
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.