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News
Map of recent quakes under Torfajökull (Iceland Met Office)
Sunday, Feb 17, 2013
A small earthquake swarm has started today. It includes about 20 quakes of small magnitude at shallow depths of 2-4 km. ... [more]

 

Torfajökull volcano

Stratovolcano 1259 m / 4,131 ft
Iceland, 63.93°N / -19.18°W
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Torfajökull volcano books
Last update: 4 Jun 2016 (earthquake swarm)
Typical eruption style:

Effusive and explosive.


Torfajökull volcano eruptions: ca. 900 AD, 1170(?), 1477
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sat, 25 Mar
Sat, 25 Mar 18:42 UTCM 0.5 / 5.6 km5 km0.8 km NNW of Hábunga
Sat, 25 Mar 18:42 UTCM 0.1 / 5.9 km5 km0.8 km NNW of Hábunga
Sat, 25 Mar 06:16 UTCM 0.6 / 0.1 km14 km4.4 km WNW of Goðabunga
Sat, 25 Mar 03:05 UTCM 0.6 / 0.1 km7 km3.0 km E of Goðabunga
Fri, 24 Mar
Fri, 24 Mar 22:02 UTCM 1.8 / 4.5 km2 km1.4 km SSE of Vatnafjöll
View all recent quakes
The Torfajökull central volcano, located north of Myrdalsjökull and south of Thorisvatn lake, is cut by a 12-km-wide caldera that formed during the Pleistocene.

Background:

Torjajokull consists of the largest area of silicic and intermediate volcanism in Iceland; about 225 cu km of silicic extrusive rocks are exposed. The dominantly rhyolitic complex rises about 500 m above surrounding basaltic plains and is elongated in a WNW-ESE direction. Most rhyolitic lava flows were erupted subglacially, forming silicic hyaloclastites that form ridge and dome-shaped breccias.

During postglacial times only a narrow fissure zone at the western end has been active, producing mostly silicic lava flows, lava domes, and tephras. The most recent silicic eruption produced the Hrafntinnuhraun lava flow about 900 AD. The fissure system is along trend with and was active at the same time as the basaltic Veidivötn fissure system of Bárdarbunga central volcano in 1477 AD. The small Torfajökull icecap lies mostly outside the SE rim of the caldera, which is the site of vigorous thermal activity over a broad area of 130-140 sq km.

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Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institute


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