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Location of El Chichón volcano
Location of El Chichón volcano

El Chichón vulcano

Lava domes 1150 m / 3,773 ft
Southern Mexico, 17.36°N / -93.23°W
Stato attuale: normal or dormant (1 di 5)

El Chichón volcano in southern Mexico forms a broad symmetrical cone with a diameter of 10 km at itsbase and is capped by a 600 m wide crater containing a 80 m high andesitic lava dome.
El Chichón became famous for its large eruption in 1982 that affected the world's climate for the following years with a measurable cooling effect caused by the large amounts of SO2 aerosols ejected into the atmosphere.

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Stile eruttivo tipico: Esplosivo
Eruzioni del vulcano El Chichón: 1982 (Plininan eruption on 28 March), 1850(?)
radiocarbon-dated: 1360 ± 100, 1190 ± 150, 780 AD ± 100, 590 AD ± 100, 480 AD ± 200, 190 AD ± 150, 20 BC ± 50, 700 BC ± 200, 1340 BC ± 150, 2030 BC ± 100, 6510 BC ± 75 years

Latest nearby earthquakes

Data / oraMag. / ProfonditàDistanzaUbicazione
Fri, 5 Mar 2021 (GMT) (1 terremoto)
2021-03-05 04:13:56 (Hora de México) (5 Mar 2021 10:13:56 GMT)
3.6

128 km - Più
126 kmSanta Maria Chimalapa, 49 km a nord da Santo Domingo Zanatepec, Oaxaca, Messico
Thu, 4 Mar 2021 (GMT) (3 Terremoti)
2021-03-04 14:27:31 (Hora de México) (4 Mar 2021 20:27:31 GMT)
3.7

54 km - Più
161 kmSan Miguel Chimalapa, 36 km a nord est da Union Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Messico
2021-03-04 03:59:09 (Hora de México) (4 Mar 2021 09:59:09 GMT)
3.8

128 km - Più
135 kmSan Miguel Chimalapa, 32 km a nord da Santo Domingo Zanatepec, Oaxaca, Messico
3 mar 2021 23:21 (GMT -6) (4 Mar 2021 05:21:30 GMT)
4.4

157 km - Più
90 kmElsy Herrerías de Castellanos, Oaxaca, 42 km a nord ovest da Cintalapa de Figueroa, Messico
Wed, 3 Mar 2021 (GMT) (1 terremoto)
2021-03-03 13:41:02 (Hora de México) (3 Mar 2021 19:41:02 GMT)
3.7

30 km - Più
169 kmSantiago Niltepec, 49 km a est da Juchitan de Zaragoza, Oaxaca, Messico

Sfondo

El Chichón is a small trachyandesitic tuff cone and lava dome complex that occupies an isolated part of the Chiapas region in SE México far from other Holocene volcanoes. Prior to 1982, this relatively unknown volcano was heavily forested and of no greater height than adjacent nonvolcanic peaks. The largest dome, the former summit of the volcano, was constructed within a 1.6 x 2 km summit crater created about 220,000 years ago.
2 other large craters are located on the SW and SE flanks; a lava dome fills the SW crater, and an older dome is located on the NW flank. More than ten large explosive eruptions have occurred since the mid-Holocene. The powerful 1982 explosive eruptions of high-sulfur, anhydrite-bearing magma destroyed the summit lava dome and were accompanied by pyroclastic flows and surges that devastated an area extending about 8 km around the volcano. The eruptions in 1982 created a new 1-km-wide, 300-m-deep crater that now contains an acidic crater lake.


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8

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