Krafla vulcano

Caldera 650 m / 2,133 ft
Northeastern Iceland, 65.73°N / -16.78°W
Stato attuale: normal or dormant (1 di 5)
Last update: 5 lug 2013

Krafla is one of Iceland's most spectacular and most active volcanoes. During the 1970's and 1980's, it became famous for its "Krafla Fires" - curtains of lava fountains from a system of fissures inside the hige caldera.

Mostra la mappa interattiva
Stile eruttivo tipico: Effusiva.
Eruzioni del vulcano Krafla: 1724, 1727, 1728, 1728, 1729, 1746, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1981, 1984

Data / oraMag. / Prof.Distanza/Ubicazione
giovedì, 14 ottobre 2021 16:16 GMT (1 terremoto)
14 ott 2021 16:16 (GMT +0) (14 ott 2021 16:16 GMT)

2.7 km
3.6 km (2.2 mi)
Iceland: 1.4 Km S of Kröfluvirkjun
mercoledì, 13 ottobre 2021 08:03 GMT (4 sismi)
13 ott 2021 08:03 (GMT +0) (13 ott 2021 08:03 GMT)

1 km
43 km (27 mi)
Iceland: 6.0 Km WNW of Herðubreiðarfjöll
13 ott 2021 08:03 (GMT +0) (13 ott 2021 08:03 GMT)
43 km (27 mi)
Iceland: 6.4 Km WNW of Herðubreiðarfjöll
13 ott 2021 08:02 (GMT +0) (13 ott 2021 08:02 GMT)

1.8 km
43 km (27 mi)
Iceland: 5.1 Km NW of Herðubreiðarfjöll
13 ott 2021 07:58 (GMT +0) (13 ott 2021 07:58 GMT)

1.4 km
43 km (27 mi)
Iceland: 5.8 Km WNW of Herðubreiðarfjöll


Krafla is a central volcano NE of Myvatn lake and has a 10-km-wide caldera, that was formed around 100,000 years ago by a violent ryhyolitic tuff-forming eruption. The caldera is cut by a N-S-trending fissure system.
Krafla has been the source of many rifting and eruptive events during the Holocene, including two in historical time, during 1724-29 and 1975-84. The prominent Hverfjall and Ludent tuff rings east of Myvatn were erupted along the 100-km-long fissure system, which extends as far as the north coast of Iceland.
Iceland's renowned Myvatn lake formed during the eruption of the older Laxarhraun lava flow from the Ketildyngja shield volcano of the Fremrinamur volcanic system about 3800 years before present (BP); its present shape is constrained by the roughly 2000 years BP younger Laxarhraun lava flow from the Krafla volcanic system. The abundant pseudocraters that form a prominent part of the Myvatn landscape were created when the younger Laxarhraun lava flow entered the lake.
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution

Krafla Photos

Hot spring shower next to the road coming from Krafla volcano, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
Hot spring shower next to the road coming from Krafla volcano, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
Námaskarð solfataras near Krafla volcano, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
Námaskarð solfataras near Krafla volcano, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
Fissure leading directly to Krafla volcano, Iceland (Photo: Janka)
Fissure leading directly to Krafla volcano, Iceland (Photo: Janka)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Mostra di più

Try our free app!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS version

Piu su VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Improved multilanguage support
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Detailed quake stats
  • Additional seismic data sources
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery ed altre fonti come indicate.
Uso di materiale: La maggior parte dei testi e delle immagini, in particolare le foto, presenti su questo sito web sono protetti da copyright. L'ulteriore riproduzione e l'utilizzo senza autorizzazione non sono consentiti. Se non sei sicuro o hai bisogno di diritti di licenza per materiale, ad esempio foto per pubblicazioni o altro uso commerciale, contattaci.