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Papandayan vulcano

Aggiornato: 25 set. 2022 09:28 GMT -
stratovulcano 2665 m / 8,743 ft.
Giava occidentale (Indonesia), -7.32°S / 107.73°E
Stato attuale: normal or dormant (1 di 5)
Last update: 9 dic 2021 (Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report)

Papandayan is a complex stratovolcano with four large summit craters, the youngest of which was breached to the NE by collapse during a brief eruption in 1772 and contains active fumarole fields.

Mostra la mappa interattiva
Stile eruttivo tipico:

Explosive. At present strong fumarolic activity.


Eruzioni del vulcano Papandayan: 1772 (moderate eruption followed by a devastating debris avalanche), 1923, 1942, 2002

Latest nearby earthquakes

Data / oraMag. / Prof.Distanza/Ubicazione
martedì, 20 settembre 2022 GMT (1 sismo)
21 set 2022 01:44 (GMT +7) (20 set 2022 18:44 GMT)
2.9

49 km
113 km (70 mi)
44 km a sud-est da Pelabuhanratu, Giava Occidentale, Indonesia
lunedì, 12 settembre 2022 GMT (2 sismi)
12 set 2022 22:00 (GMT +7) (12 set 2022 15:00 GMT)
3.0

29 km
61 km (38 mi)
31 km a sud ovest da Banjar, Giava Occidentale, Indonesia
12 set 2022 12:10 (GMT +7) (12 set 2022 05:10 GMT)
3.0

10 km
64 km (40 mi)
Indian Ocean, 89 km a sud ovest da Bandung, Giava Occidentale, Indonesia

Sfondo

The broad 1.1-km-wide, flat-floored Alun-Alun crater truncates the summit of Papandayan, and Gunung Puntang to the north gives the volcano a twin-peaked appearance. Several episodes of collapse have given the volcano an irregular profile and produced debris avalanches that have impacted lowland areas beyond the volcano. A sulfur-encrusted fumarole field occupies historically active Kawah Mas ("Golden Crater").
After its first historical eruption in 1772, in which collapse of the NE flank produced a catastrophic debris avalanche that destroyed 40 villages and killed nearly 3000 persons, only small phreatic eruptions had occurred prior to an explosive eruption that began in November 2002.
(Source: GVP)

Papandayan Photos




See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS

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Wed, 19 Oct 2016, 06:00

Papandayan volcano (Western Java, Indonesia) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 19 October-25 October 2016 (Continuing Activity)

PVMBG reported that during 1 August-17 October seismicity at Papandayan fluctuated but decreased overall. Visual monitoring occurred from the Pakuwon Village post where observers noted white plumes rising at most 35 m above the crater. The Alert Level was lowered to 1 (on a scale of 1-4) on 19 October; residents and tourists were reminded not to approach the craters within a 500-m radius. ... Read all
Wed, 18 Nov 2015, 06:00

Papandayan volcano (Western Java, Indonesia) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 18 November-24 November 2015 (Continuing Activity)

PVMBG reported that during 1 September-16 November seismicity at Papandayan was dominated by shallow volcanic earthquakes but also consisted of deep volcanic earthquakes, low-frequency earthquakes, harmonic tremor, and hybrid events. Visual monitoring occurred from the Pakuwon Village post where observers noted white plumes rising at most 35 m above the crater. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4); residents and tourists were reminded not to approach the craters within a 1-km radius. ... Read all
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