Kilauea volcano (Hawaii): Sep 2016 tour - life returns to lava
Life returns slowly after destruction by lava flows. In this area, 30 years ago, there was dense rain forest until it was invaded by lava flows from the early stages of the Pu'u 'O'o rift zone eruption.
Dead, half-burnt tree trunks and branches still lie around, some having left molds in the lava.
Among the first plants to colonize the barren lava desert are small ferns whose green stands out from the dark or silvery pahoehoe textures.
Remains of devastated rain forest in the rainy evening twilight. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
Small green ferns start to recover the terrain. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
A tree had fallen onto the cooled lava after its base had burnt away. When it fell, the surface of t... [info
Ferns in cracks of pahoehoe lava. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
Group of ferns (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
Green dots on the gray-silvery pahoehoe. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
A crack through ropy pahoehoe with ferns finding shelter inside. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
Different surface textures and colors - where the glassy crust of the lava flow is still intact, the... [info
Lava surfaces (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
It will still take a long time until new rain forest grows here... (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
Regular cracking patterns (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
Ferns inside crack. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer) [info
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