Iwo-jima volcano eruptions
caldera 161 m / 528 ft
Volcano Islands, Japan, 24.75°N / 141.29°E
Eruption list: 2012, 2001, 1982, 1980, 1978, 1976, 1974 (?), 1969 (?), 1967, 1957, 1943
A submarine eruption occurred from 3 vents SE of Iwo-jima volcano on 21 September 2001. The activity built 10 m diameter pyroclastic cone on that day. Until 19 October, there was no further activity, but on 19 October a small phreatic eruption occurred at Idogahama, the name of a beach on the NW coast of the island. the explosion formed a new crater 10 m wide and 2-3 m deep.
On 9-10 March 1982, 5 phreatic eruptions occurred from vents on the NW shore of Iwo-jima island.
A phreatic eruption occurred at Iwo-Jima volcano on 28 March 1957. The eruption occurred without warning 2 km NE of Suribachi-yama. The eruption lasted for 65 minutes and ejected material 30 m high from a single crater. A second crater formed by collapse 50 minutes after the eruption ended. The collapse crater was 30 m wide and 15 m deep. Gas emissions increased on 31 March, and 3 dead birds were found in the crater.
Source: Gilbert Corwin, and H. L. Foster (1959) "The 1957 explosive eruption on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands", American Journal of Science, Vol. 257, pp. 161-171