Jocotitlán volcano

Stratovolcano 3900 m / 12,795 ft
Central Mexico, 19.72°N / -99.76°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)

Jocotitlán volcano is an isolated stratovolcano located 60 km WNW of Mexico City and 50 km N of of Toluca volcano. It rises about 1300 m above the Toluca plain and has a large horse-shoe shaped escarpment open to the NE, which formed because of gravitational flank collapse, similar to Mt Etna's Valle del Bove.
Jocotitlán volcano belongs to the Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt, which extends in W-E direction over 1500 km from the Pacific Coast to the Gulf of Mexico.
The latest known eruption occurred about 700 years ago and produced block-and-ash flows and pyroclastic surges.

Show interactive Map
[hide map] [enlarge]
Typical eruption style: Effusive and explosive
Jocotitlán volcano eruptions: 1270 AD ± 75, 7740 BC ± 75 years (radiocarbon-dated)

Latest nearby earthquakes

No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location

Background

Jocotitlán is an isolated composite volcano that rises 1300 m above the Toluca basin. The 3900-m-high volcano was constructed during the Pleistocene and mainly consists of andesitic-to-dacitic lava flows.
A major obsidian-bearing dacitic plinian eruption was followed by the emplacement of a dacitic lava-dome complex, accompanied by lava effusion, pumice-fall eruptions, and pyroclastic surges.
The most prominent feature of Jocotitlán volcano is a horseshoe-shaped escarpment open to the NE that formed as a result of gravitational failure of the summit during the early Holocene. The resulting debris-avalanche deposit covers an 80 sq km area to the NE. Lava dome emplacement accompanied by pyroclastic flows and surges subsequently filled much of the avalanche scarp.
---
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Show more
Try our free app!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS version

More on VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Weather reports
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Design upgrades
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Additional seismic data sources
  • Improved content in English
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.