BackgroundThe steep-sided Kamen stratovolcano lies at the center of a N-S-trending chain of volcanoes, flanked by Bezymianny and Kliuchevskoi. The sharp-peaked, 4585-m-high Kamen is Kamchatka's second highest volcano, topped only by its neighbor Kliuchevskoi. Kamen formed during the late Pleistocene, but activity continued into the Holocene (Melekestsev et al., 1990). A major slope failure about 1200-1300 years ago removed much of the eastern side of the volcano, producing a massive 4-6 cu km debris avalanche that traveled more than 30 km to the SE.
Smithsonian / GVP volcano information
View over Nea Kameni island, Santorini at sunset (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
The vertical cliff face of Palea Kameni's east side. Probably around 1457-58 AD, a part of the island broke off, exposing the concentrically fractured interior of the lav...
Erupting Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka, with the new lava flow and Kamen volcano (Sep 2013) (Photo: Sergey Krasnoshchokov)
Nea Kameni (l) and Palea Kameni volcanic islands in the center of the Santorini caldera seen from the air. The Akrotiri peninsula in the background. Underwater hydrotherm...
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