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Katla volcano
subglacial volcano 1512 m / 4,961 ft
Southern Iceland, 63.63°N / -19.06°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
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Katla volcano eruptions:
920 AD, 950 AD (?), 1150, 1177, 1245, 1262, 1311, 1357, 1416, 1440, 1450, 1500, 1580, 1612, 1625, 1660-61, 1721, 1755-56, 1823, 1860, 1918, 1955(?), 1999(?), 1918
Typical eruption style:
Explosive basaltic and dacitic eruptions, voluminous lava flows
Last earthquakes nearby
Latest satellite images

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Katla volcano news & activity updates

Thu, 23 Jul 2020, 09:05
The Icelandic Met Office (IMO) recorded an earthquake with magnitude M 3.3 that occurred at 05:36 local time this morning. Another earthquake with magnitude M 2.7 occurred at 01:59 local time today. Few smaller earthquakes have also been detected. ...more read all
Fri, 15 May 2020, 15:30
Thu, 22 Jun 2017, 16:38
Recent earthquakes under Katla volcano as of 22 June 2017, showing two small swarms (image: Icelandic Met Office)
Over the past days, seismic activity under the large ice-covered volcano has increased. It seems likely that at least some of this activity is caused by injections of new magma into the volcano's system, as some earthquakes were detected at depths between 10 and up to 25 km where no normal tectonic activity that could be triggering the earthquakes is expected. ...more read all
Sat, 28 Jan 2017, 11:19
Recent earthquakes under Katla volcano as of 26 Jan 2017 (image: Icelandic Met Office)
Seismic activity has increased at the volcano. A magnitude 4.3 earthquake occurred under the volcano on 26 Jan at shallow depth beneath the summit caldera covered by the Mýrdalsjökull glacier. ...more read all
Thu, 5 Jan 2017, 09:55
Recent quakes under Katla volcano in Iceland (image: IMO)
An increased number of earthquakes has been occurred at shallow depths (few km) under the SW part of the ice-covered volcano's caldera. ...more read all
Wed, 31 Aug 2016, 17:12
Earthquakes under Katla during the past 7 days
Following Monday's large earthquakes, the volcano remains relatively calm seismically, with only small swarms of deep to shallow earthquakes occurring under the northern flank. According to experts, there is currently no sign of an eruption being imminent. ...more read all
Mon, 29 Aug 2016, 09:43
Earthquakes under Katla volcano during the past 48 hours (image: IMO)
At least one earthquake of magnitude 4.5 occurred this morning under the volcano, the strongest recorded for Katla in recent decades. It was felt in nearby areas. ...more read all
Wed, 16 Jul 2014, 14:14
Location and time vs depth of recent earthquakes under Katla volcano
An increased number of small earthquakes, up to magnitude 2.7, has been occurring near the surface or at very shallow depths under Katla's ice cap since yesterday. ...more read all
Wed, 9 Jul 2014, 08:37
Epicenters of earthquakes at Katla during the past 7 days
Earthquakes have been more frequent recently under the volcano recently. Most of them were small (below mag. 3) and shallow events. It is unknown whether these relate to magmatic movements inside the volcano, increased hydrothermal activity or are adjustments of the ice cap due to increased melting. ...more read all
Thu, 23 Aug 2012, 18:34
Depth and magnitude of quakes near Katla during August
As can be seen from our new plots of recent nearby quakes, the number of earthquakes near Katla appears to have been gradually increasing during August. However, most quakes are very shallow and probably NOT caused by magmatic movements, but adjustments of the shallow hydrothermal system. A possibility is that this is a seasonal pattern caused by the warming and increased melting of ice during summer. ...more

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