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Kelud volcano
Stratovolcano 1731 m (5,679 ft)
East Java, Indonesia, -7.93°S / 112.31°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
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Kelud volcano eruptions:
1500(?), 1548, 1586 ((sub-)Plinian eruption?), 1641 (sub-Plininan eruption?), 1716, 1752, 1756(?), 1771, 1776, 1785, 1811, 1825, 1826, 1835, 1848, 1849(?), 1864, 1901, 1919, 1920, 1951, 1966, 1967, 1990, Oct-Nov 2007, 13 Feb 2014
Typical eruption style:
Explosive. Lava domes, pyroclastic flows. Presence of extensive crater lake at low elevation, generating destructive lahars.
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Kelud volcano news

Kelut volcano (East Java, Indonesia): eruption update - 3 fatalities confirmed, evacuations

Friday Feb 14, 2014 11:32 AM | BY: T

The eruption of Kelut last night (image: pic.twitter.com/ypy7kx9615 / @hilmi_dzi)
The eruption of Kelut last night (image: pic.twitter.com/ypy7kx9615 / @hilmi_dzi)
A large SO2 plume is drifting over the Indian ocean (NOAA)
A large SO2 plume is drifting over the Indian ocean (NOAA)
The ash plume from Kelut's eruption over the Indian Ocean seen from NASA's Terra satellite this morning
The ash plume from Kelut's eruption over the Indian Ocean seen from NASA's Terra satellite this morning
BNPB (Civil protection) confirmed 3 fatalities (indirectly or directly) caused by the eruption: two as result of breathing difficulties caused by the ash, one as a road accident during evacuation. All of the victims were in Pandasari village less than 7 km from the volcano where 20 cm of ash has fallen.
So far, 76,388 people are confirmed evacuated into 293 shelters so far, while evacuation efforts within the 10 km exclusion zone continue.
Preliminary estimations are that the eruption produced 80 million cubic meters of tephra. At the moment, the volcano continues to emit ash and steam, accompanied by tremors. The government of East Java has declared the state of emergency for the affected area. 350,000 dust masks are being distributed.
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Links / Sources:
Previous news
The eruption column with intense volcanic lightning (@soranibrahim7, pic.twitter.com/11kGP8V0k4)
Friday, Feb 14, 2014
The ash plume from last night's major eruption (possibly sub-plinian or even plinian in size) of Kelut is drifting rapidly to the west above the Indian Ocean. It is estimated to be as high as 55,000 ft (16 km) and extends several hundred kilometers in both N-S and W-E directions. ... [more]
The eruption column of Kelut with lightning (photo: @RagaRikardhanu/ Twitter)
Thursday, Feb 13, 2014
It seems that a large eruption started at the volcano at 23:29 local time today. VAAC Darwin reports an ash plume to 45,000 ft (15 km) altitude is drifting 50 nautical miles to the west of the volcano. The alert status was raised to the highest level. ... [more]
Seismic activity at Kelut volcano during the past weeks (VSI)
Tuesday, Feb 11, 2014
VSI raised the alert status to the second highest level 3 (out of 4), "Siaga" (meaning eruption warning). In its latest report, VSI informs that an ongoing slight deformation, suggesting magma intrusion, has been detected since September and that a strong increase in seismic activity started on 7 February. A seismic swarm occurred with hypocenters between 1.5-3.5 km depth beneath the summit area. ... [more]

Sunday, Feb 02, 2014
The alert level of the volcano was raised today from 1 ("normal") to 2 ("Waspada", "watch") on a scale of 1-4. During the second half of 2014, a strong increase in seismic activity and a 5.5 deg temperature increase of the crater lake water had been detected. ... [more]
Thursday, Nov 15, 2007
CVGHM lowered the Alert Status of Kelut on 8 November from 4 to 3 (on a scale of 1-4), due to a decrease in seismicity and deformation. Temperatures of the crater lake were measured at 75 deg C on 6 Nov, and 150-210 deg C on the surface of the new lava dome. According to a local news article, a volcanologist reported that the lava dome was 250 m in diameter and 120 m above the crater lake surface. On 11 November, a plume rose to an altitude of 3.7 km (12,000 ft) a.s.l. and ashfall was reported in several areas.
CVGHM recommended that evacuees could return to their homes, but should stay clear of the mountain within a 3-km radius was restricted.
[more]

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