La Palma volcano

shield volcano 2426 m
Canary Islands (Spain), 28.58°N / -17.84°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 25 Dec 2020 (deep earthquake swarm under Cumbre Vieja)

The 47-km-long wedge-shaped island of La Palma, the NW-most of the Canary Islands, is composed of two large volcanic centers.

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Typical eruption style: effusive
La Palma volcano eruptions: 1677-1678 AD, 1585, 1646, 1712, 1949, and 1971

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Fri, 18 Jun 2021 (GMT) (1 earthquake)
18 Jun 2021 04:06:22 GMT
1.4

11 km
10.4 km (6.5 mi)
Spain: E FUENCALIENTE DE LA PALMA.ILP
Thu, 17 Jun 2021 (GMT) (1 earthquake)
17 Jun 2021 01:31:23 GMT
1.3

3 km
11 km (6.8 mi)
6.2 km west of Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain

Background

The older 2426-m-high northern one is cut by the massive steep-walled Caldera Taburiente, one of several massive collapse scarps produced by edifice failure to the SW. The younger 1949-m-high Cumbre Vieja, the southern volcano, is one of the most active in the Canaries. The elongated volcano dates back to about 125,000 years ago and is oriented N-S. Eruptions during the past 7000 years have originated from the abundant cinder cones and craters along the axis of Cumbre Vieja, producing fissure-fed lava flows that descend steeply to the sea. Historical eruptions at La Palma, recorded since the 15th century, have produced mild explosive activity and lava flows that damaged populated areas. The southern tip of the island is mantled by a broad lava field produced during the 1677-1678 eruption. Lava flows also reached the sea in 1585, 1646, 1712, 1949, and 1971.

La Palma Photos

Teneguia volcano, view from San Antonio v., Fuencaliente, La Palma Isl., Canaries (Photo: WNomad)
Teneguia volcano, view from San Antonio v., Fuencaliente, La Palma Isl., Canaries (Photo: WNomad)
Volcanic cone of Los volcanes de Aridane, next of town Todoque, La Palma Isl. (Photo: WNomad)
Volcanic cone of Los volcanes de Aridane, next of town Todoque, La Palma Isl. (Photo: WNomad)
Lava field and volcanic cones near Los Llanos, La Palma Isl. (Photo: WNomad)
Lava field and volcanic cones near Los Llanos, La Palma Isl. (Photo: WNomad)
Crater of San Antonio volcano, Fuencaliente, La Palma Isl., Canaries (Photo: WNomad)
Crater of San Antonio volcano, Fuencaliente, La Palma Isl., Canaries (Photo: WNomad)
 



La Palma volcano tours:
Europe's Volcanic Outpost (Walking and study tour to the Canary Islands: Lanzarote, La Palma, El Hierro and Tenerife)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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