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Leizhou Bandao volcano

volcanic field 259 m / 850 ft
Leizhou (Liuchow) Peninsula, SE China, 20.78°N / 110.17°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5) | Reports
Leizhou Bandao volcano books
Typical eruption style: effusive
Leizhou Bandao volcano eruptions: less than 10,000 years ago No recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Leizhou Bandao volcano is a volcanic field on the Leizhou peninsula 480 km SW of Hong Kong, across the Qiongzhou strait north of Hainan Dao Island.
The field contains a group of Policene-Holocene cinder cones and the basaltic
Yingfengling and Tianyang volcanoes, which are 15 km apart and located in the center of the Leizhou Peninsula.

Background:

The Leizhou Bandao volcanic field forms the northern part of the Qionglei volcano group (also known as the Leiqiong volcanic field), a 7300 sq km basaltic-to-basanitic plateau that covers the southern Leizhou (Liuchow) Peninsula and extends across a broad area of northern Hainan Dao.
Volcanism on the peninsula was caused by E-W tectonic extension and thinning of the lithosphere, in connection with the opening of the South China Sea Basin.
Yingfengling and Tianyang are 2 Pleistocene stratovolcanoes that contain large amounts of mantle xenoliths.
Another area of Pleistocene-Holocene volcanism lies at the the northern end of the peninsula west of Zhanjiang City.
(Source: Smithsonian / GVP)


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