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Random pictures

Makian volcano eruptions

Stratovolcano 1357 m / 4,452 ft
Halmahera, Indonesia, 0.32°N / 127.4°E
Eruption list: 1550, 1646, 1660(?), 1760-61, 1854(?), 1860(?), 1861-62, 1863, 1864, 1890, 1988


1988 eruption
A white steam plume appeared on Makian volcano on 17 July 1988. At night, glow from the crater was visible indicating a new eruption. 15,000 people evacuated to to Moti Island 10 km to the north. On 29 July an explosion produced a large ash plume reaching 8 km height and drifting 100 km SW. On 30 July, pyroclastic flows (nuées ardentes) reached the sea. Eruptions continued until August 1988, after when the eruption started to die out.

1976 eruption warning & evacuations
In June 1976, local authorities believed an eruption of Makian could be impending and ordered the evacuation of 3,250 families. It turned out later that the seismic activity prompting this measure had been tectonic and not related to the volcano. No eruption followed.

Volcanic hazard map of Makian island (Kiebesi volcano)

Volcanic hazard map of Makian island with Kiebesi volcano, as of March 2016 (VSI)
Volcanic hazard map of Makian island with Kiebesi volcano, as of March 2016 (VSI)

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