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Matthew Island volcano

Stratovolcano 177 m / 581 ft
France, Southwestern Pacific Ocean, -22.33°S / 171.32°E
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Matthew Island volcano books
Typical eruption style: unspecified
Matthew Island volcano eruptions: 1956 ± 2 years
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Thu, 7 Dec
Thu, 7 Dec 05:10 UTCM 4.9 / 35 km46 km- 60km WSW of Ile Hunter, New Caledonia

Background:

Isolated Matthew Island is composed of two low andesitic-to-dacitic cones separated by a narrow isthmus. Matthew Island was discovered in 1788 by a ship captain, who named the island after the owner of his vessel. Only the triangular eastern portion of the small, 0.6 x 1.2 km wide island was present prior to the 1940s, when construction of the larger western segment began; it consists primarily of lava flows. The 177-m-high western cone contains a crater that is breached to the NW and is filled by a lava flow whose terminus forms the NW coast.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


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