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Mayotte Island volcano

Shield volcano 660 m / 2,165 ft
France, Western Indian Ocean, -12.83°S / 45.17°E
Current status: dormant (1 out of 5)
Mayotte Island volcano books
Typical eruption style: unspecified
Mayotte Island volcano eruptions: 2050 BC ± 500 yearsNo recent earthquakes
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation

Background:

Mayotte Island in the Mozambique Channel between the northern tip of Madagascar and the eastern coast of Africa consists of two volcanoes with diverse geochemistry that were active from the Pliocene to the Holocene. Lavas on the NE were active from about 4.7 to 1.4 million years and on the south from about 7.7 to 2.7 million years. Mafic activity resumed on the north from about 2.9 to 1.2 million years and on the south from about 2 to 1.5 million years. Morphologically youthful-looking maars are present on Mayotte Island, and Zinke et al. (2003) found several pumice layers of Holocene age in gravity cores on the barrier reef-lagoon complex at Mayotte.
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Smithsonian / GVP volcano information


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